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The NIDD gene, neuronal NOS (nNOS)-interacting DHHC domain-containing protein with dendritic mRNA, codes a protein that upregulates nNOS enzyme activity by the interaction with the postsynaptic density protein 95/discsslarge/zon occlusens-1 (PDZ) domain of nNOS. Glial cell activation, especially Müller cells, may be an important factor contributing to(More)
It has been shown that peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is beneficial for central nervous system injury. However its role on optic nerve injury remains unknown. In the present study, we examined the change of PPARγ expression in rat retina following optic nerve injury and investigated the effect of pioglitazone (Pio), a PPARγ(More)
PURPOSE Age-related cataract (ARC) is one of the most common causes of severe visual impairment among the elderly worldwide with four subtypes, such as cortical, nuclear, subcapsular, and mixed types. DNA damage and malfunction of DNA repair are believed to contribute to the pathogenesis of ARC. This study examined the associations of 18 single nucleotide(More)
PURPOSE Primary angle closure (PAC) is the early stage of primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG). It is believed that the formation of PAC is regulated by a tissue remodeling pathway. This study investigated the association between gene variants in extracellular matrix metalloprotease-9 (MMP-9), methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), frizzled-related(More)
Genome-wide association study (GWAS) analysis identified three new susceptibility loci for PACG. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether these three loci in PLEKHA7, COL11A1, and PCMTD1-ST18 are associated with PAC and ocular biometric characteristics, such as axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and diopter of spherical power (DS). The(More)
Recently, a study reported that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) were associated with primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) in Australian cohort. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether those eNOS SNPs are associated with primary angle closure (PAC) or ocular biometric characteristics such as axial(More)
Werner syndrome is caused by mutations in the DNA repair Werner helicase (WRN) gene and characterized by accelerated aging including cataracts. Age-related cataract (ARC) cases (N = 504) and controls (N = 244) were recruited from a population-based study to evaluate the association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of WRN and another DNA repair gene(More)
Postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD95) contains three PSD95/Drosophilia disk large/ZO-1[PDZ] homology domains and links neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) with the N-methyl-d-aspartic acid receptor. Previous studies showed that the assembly of PSD95/nNOS signaling played an important role in rat ischemic brain injury. In this study, we aimed to(More)
Müller cell reactivation (gliosis) is an early response in glaucomatous retina. Previous studies have demonstrated that activation of P2X7 receptors results in retinal ganglion cell (RGC) apoptosis. Here, the issues of whether and how activated Müller cells may contribute to RGC apoptosis through P2X7 receptors were investigated. Either intravitreal(More)
PURPOSE The formation of primary angle closure (PAC) and primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) is regulated by a tissue remodeling pathway that plays a critical role in eye development. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are powerful gene expression regulators and may exert their effects on tissue remodeling genes. This study investigated the associations between gene(More)