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BACKGROUND Although health-related quality of life is diminished among patients with chronic heart failure, few investigators have examined interactions of age and sex with health-related quality of life longitudinally. OBJECTIVES To examine differences in health-related quality of life among 4 groups of patients with heart failure on the basis of age (<(More)
Health-related quality of life (HRQL) instruments have been used to measure HRQL in heart failure patients, but how different instruments compare in the same groups of patients is not known. The purpose of this study was to compare the reliability and validity of three HRQL measures in 211 heart failure patients recruited from clinics affiliated with an(More)
Cell-mediated immune responses play important roles in immune protection against Plasmodium infection. However, impaired immunity, such as lymphocyte exhaustion, is a common phenomenon in malaria. T-cell immunoglobulin- and mucin-domain-containing molecule 3 (Tim-3) is an important regulatory molecule in cell-mediated immunity and has been implicated in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS T cell immunoglobulin- and mucin-domain-containing molecule-3 (Tim-3) has been shown to influence autoimmune diseases; however, its function in viral infection has not been well-defined. We therefore investigated the expression and regulatory function of Tim-3 in natural killer (NK) cells in chronic Hepatitis B (CHB) infection. METHODS(More)
  • Li Zhu, Ke Luo, +5 authors Kun Zhang
  • 2015
The chemokine CXCL12 and its receptors, CXCR4 and CXCR7, are important contributors to the pathogenesis of multiple types of tumors. CXCL12/CXCR4 was previously demonstrated to be upregulated in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) tissues, but the status of CXCR7 in NPC remains unknown. Here, 62 nasopharyngeal carcinoma specimens were obtained from patients who(More)
Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), as one of the most sensitive and precise gene expression analysis methods, is frequently used to validate data obtained in high-through-put assays. qPCR requires reference genes with stable transcription for accurate normalization. However, no systematic studies on such genes have been performed in(More)
T cell immunoglobulin- and mucin-domain-containing molecule-3 (Tim-3) has been reported to participate in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. However, whether Tim-3 is involved in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains unknown. Here, we studied the expression and function of Tim-3 in a hydrodynamics-based mouse model of HBV infection. A(More)
Tim-3 has been reported as an important regulatory molecule and plays a pivotal role in several autoimmunity diseases. Here, we demonstrated the increased expression of Tim-3 on peripheral CD4(+) T, CD8(+) T, NKT cells and monocytes from RA patients compared to those from healthy controls. Percentage of Tim-3(+) cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells(More)
BACKGROUND Although numerous health-related quality-of-life instruments are available to measure patients' quality of life, few studies have compared these measures directly to determine how they function in the same group of patients. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to empirically compare psychometric properties of the Chronic Heart Failure(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) may play important roles during hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. In this study, we used a recombinant human soluble death receptor 5 (sDR5) to explore its effect in a mouse model of HBV-induced acute hepatitis. By measuring blood transaminase activity and hepatocyte apoptosis, we found that(More)