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PURPOSE Enteral nutrition (EN) is effective, easy to provide, cheaper, and associated with fewer complications in comparison with parenteral nutrition in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). However, the nasogastric (NG) route for enteral supplements still remains to be established, and most studies have used the nasojejunal (NJ) route. The purpose of this(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to determine the noninferiority of early enteral feeding through nasogastric (NG) compared to nasojejunal (NJ) route on infectious complications in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). METHODS Patients with SAP were fed via NG (candidate) or NJ (comparative) route. The primary outcome was the occurrence of any(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Several studies have shown wide prevalence of vitamin D deficiency with serum 25(OH)D <49.9 nmol/L in urban Indians related to their poor sunshine exposure and skin pigmentation. However, there is limited information in rural Indians. We hypothesized presence of higher 25(OH)D in rural subjects as compared to urban because of(More)
GOALS To study the role of probiotics on gut permeability and endotoxemia in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP). BACKGROUND Bacterial translocation has been implicated in infective complications in AP, which has been shown to be prevented by probiotics. STUDY A double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial was conducted. Consecutive patients with(More)
Sjogren's syndrome (SS) is characterized by infiltration of exocrine glands with T and B lymphocytes, leading to glandular dysfunction and frequently accompanied by hypergammaglobulinemia and autoantibodies. The role of T cells, which predominate in the lesions, has attracted much interest. CD4 T cells seem to be responding to autoantigens on apoptotic(More)
OBJECTIVE Measurement of bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with hypoparathyroidism directly addresses the effect of chronic under-exposure of bone to PTH. Because post-thyroidectomy hypoparathyroidism is potentially complicated by the pre-existence of thyrotoxicosis and the need for postoperative thyroxine replacement, we have studied a large group of(More)
B cells play an important role in systemic lupus erythematosus by acting not only as precursors of autoantibody-producing cells but also as antigen-presenting, cytokine-secreting, and regulatory cells. Unopposed activation of B cells through their B-cell receptor for antigen, as seen in B cells lacking Lyn kinase, results in systemic autoimmunity. The(More)
Hypovitaminosis D is common in Asian Indians. Physicians often prescribe 1500 mug (60 000 IU) cholecalciferol per week for 8 weeks for vitamin D deficiency in India. Its efficacy to increase serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) over short (2 months) and long (1 year) term is not known. We supplemented a group of twenty-eight apparently healthy Asian Indians(More)
Urban Asian Indians generally have low serum 25(OH)D. Information on serum bioavailable 25(OH)D and the effect of prolonged sun-exposure in them is not known. We assessed serum 25(OH)D and bioavailable 25(OH)D in males with varying durations of sun-exposure in Delhi during August–September. Serum 25(OH)D, vitamin D-binding protein (DBP), bioavailable(More)