Namit Sharma

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Mast cells require KIT receptor tyrosine kinase signaling for development and survival. Here, we report that SH2 domain-containing phosphatase 2 (SHP2) signaling downstream of KIT is essential for mast cell survival and homeostasis in mice. Using a novel mouse model with shp2 deletion within mature mast cells (MC-shp2 knockout [KO]), we find that SHP2 is(More)
SHP2 protein-tyrosine phosphatase (encoded by Ptpn11) positively regulates KIT (CD117) signaling in mast cells and is required for mast cell survival and homeostasis in mice. In this study, we uncover a role of SHP2 in promoting chemotaxis of mast cells toward stem cell factor (SCF), the ligand for KIT receptor. Using an inducible SHP2 knockout (KO) bone(More)
Integrin signaling is central to cell growth and differentiation, and critical for the processes of apoptosis, cell migration and wound repair. Previous research has demonstrated a requirement for SNARE-dependent membrane traffic in integrin trafficking, as well as cell adhesion and migration. The goal of the present research was to ascertain whether(More)
Intracellular mechanism(s) that contribute to promiscuous signaling via oncogenic KIT in systemic mastocytosis and acute myelogenous leukemia are poorly understood. We show that SHP2 phosphatase is essential for oncogenic KIT-induced growth and survival in vitro and myeloproliferative disease (MPD) in vivo. Genetic disruption of SHP2 or treatment of(More)
Clustering of the high affinity IgE receptor (Fc(epsilon)RI) in mast cells leads to degranulation and production of numerous cytokines and lipid mediators that promote allergic inflammation. Initiation of FFc(epsilon)RI signaling involves rapid tyrosine phosphorylation of Fc(epsilon)RI and membrane-localized adaptor proteins that recruit additional SH2(More)
Acquired mutations in KIT are driver mutations in systemic mastocytosis (SM). Here, we tested the role of SHP2/PTPN11 phosphatase in oncogenic KIT signaling using an aggressive SM mouse model. Stable knock-down (KD) of SHP2 led to impaired growth, colony formation, and increased rates of apoptosis in P815 cells. This correlated with defects in signaling to(More)
(ABSTRACT) This study compares different methods of forecasting price volatility in the crude oil futures market using daily data for the period November 1986 through March 1997. It compares the forward-looking implied volatility measure with two backward-looking time-series measures based on past returns – a simple historical volatility estimator and a set(More)
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