Namio Kodama

Learn More
One hundred cases of Moyamoya disease were encountered between 1961 and 1980. This report describes the clinical characteristics and emphasizes the angiographic findings and clinical correlation in this disease. Reasons for the differences in clinical and radiological presentation in children versus adults are proposed and a possible pathophysiological(More)
OBJECT The usefulness of motor evoked potential (MEP) monitoring to detect blood flow insufficiency (BFI) in the cortical branches of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) and lenticulostriate arteries (LSAs) during MCA aneurysm surgery was investigated based on the correlation between MEP and somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) monitoring. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE A phase II study was conducted between June 1989 and February 1992 to evaluate the activity and toxicity of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with photofrin II in centrally located early-stage lung cancer and to determine the complete response (CR) rate as the primary end point. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients had histologically proven lung cancer and(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to assess whether aneurysm surgery can be performed in patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysms by using three-dimensional computerized tomography (3D-CT) angiography alone, without conventional catheter angiography. METHODS In a previous study, 60 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) from ruptured aneurysms were(More)
This study investigated whether the optic nerve evoked potential (ONEP) elicited by electrical stimulation of the optic nerve can serve as a reliable intraoperative indicator of visual function. In the experimental study, two silver-ball stimulating electrodes were placed on the dog optic nerve adjacent to the apex of the orbit and one recording electrode(More)
Five cases of moyamoya disease associated with aneurysm are reported. In three cases, the aneurysms were located at the peripheral portion of the posterior choroidal artery, and in two at the basilar artery. Based on these cases, the symptoms and mechanisms of formation of aneurysms in moyamoya disease are discussed.
Moyamoya formations at the base of the brain are not congenital vascular malformations but represent collateral pathways associated with chronic progressive stenosis of the carotid fork. The authors have studied 44 personal cases, 18 children under 15 years of age, and 26 adults. In children the Moyamoya vessels change through six stages: (1) carotid fork(More)
OBJECT Rebleeding from ruptured intracranial aneurysms is a major cause of death and disability. With regard to the factors that precipitate the rebleeding and influence the time course after initial bleeding, previous reports differ in their results, and the number of patients investigated was not sufficient for valid conclusions. This study was thus(More)
BACKGROUND Cisternal irrigation therapy with urokinase and ascorbic acid was introduced to prevent symptomatic vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). To dissolve and wash out the subarachnoid clot, cisternal irrigation with urokinase is used. Ascorbic acid is added to degenerate oxy-hemoglobin, one of the strongest spasmogenic substances,(More)
OBJECT The lack of a specified intraoperative method for monitoring anterior choroidal artery (AChA) blood flow insufficiency (BFI) led the authors to devise a method for checking the BFI in this artery during aneurysm surgery. To this end, the authors relied on the intraoperative motor evoked potentials (MEPs) elicited by electrical stimulation of the hand(More)