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Somatic cell nuclear transfer and transcription-factor-based reprogramming revert adult cells to an embryonic state, and yield pluripotent stem cells that can generate all tissues. Through different mechanisms and kinetics, these two reprogramming methods reset genomic methylation, an epigenetic modification of DNA that influences gene expression, leading(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the changes in promoter CpG islands hypermethylation during breast cancer progression from pre-invasive lesions [flat epithelial atypia (FEA), atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)] to invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). We performed MethyLight analysis for the methylation status of 57(More)
Body temperatures of winter-resident Korean bats typically range from 10 degrees to 40 degrees C between August and September and from 3 degrees to 15 degrees C between January and April. To learn how behavior and the motor systems of heterothermic bats respond to this body-temperature variation, we examined whole-organism performance and the(More)
The changes in DNA methylation status in cancer cells are characterized by hypermethylation of promoter CpG islands and diffuse genomic hypomethylation. Alu and long interspersed nucleotide element-1 (LINE-1) are non-coding genomic repetitive sequences and methylation of these elements can be used as a surrogate marker for genome-wide methylation status.(More)
The occurrence of resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs is a major problem for successful cancer treatment and reducing drug accumulation by P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is one of the major mechanisms of multidrug resistance (MDR). The present study was performed to evaluate the MDR-reversal abilities of two bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids, tetrandine (TET) and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury may activate innate immunity through the interaction of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) with endogenous ligands. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs) exert suppressive effects on innate immunity through various mechanisms. In this study, we investigated the effect of dietary supplementation(More)
Administration of the excitotoxin kainate produces seizure activity and selective neuronal death in various brain areas. We examined the degeneration pattern of hippocampal neurons following systemic injections of kainate in the hamster and the rat. As reported, treatment with kainate resulted in severe neuronal loss in the hilus and CA3 in the rat. While(More)
Cellular and biochemical responses of the pectoral muscle to variation in seasonal activity were studied in the bat, Murina leucogaster ognevi. We collected bats in mid-hibernation (February), end-hibernation (April), and mid-summer (August) to track major activity periods in their annual cycle. Our findings indicated that myofiber cross-sectional area(More)
Sophoraflavanone, kurarinone (GS08), norkurarinol (GS11), kurarinol (GS12) and kushenol K are cytotoxic flavonoids isolated from Sophora flavescens. In this study, we tested the cytotoxicity of those flavonoids to human cancer cells including P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-expressing HCT15 cells and its multidrug resistant subline, HCT15/CL02 cells. HCT15/CL02 cells(More)
In this study, we investigated the cytotoxicities of flavone (F01), 3-hydroxyflavone (F02), 6- hydroxyflavone (F03), 7-hydroxyflavone (F04), 3,6-dihydroxyflavone (F05), 5,7-dihydroxyflavone (F06) and 5,6,7-trihydroxyflavone (F07) to human cancer cells including P- glycoprotein (Pgp)-expressing HCT15 cells and its multidrug resistant subline, HCT15/CL02(More)