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The transcriptional regulation mechanisms involved in the up-regulation of Fas-induced GD3 synthase gene have not yet been elucidated. 5'-Rapid amplification of cDNA end (5'-RACE) using mRNA prepared from Fas-induced Jurkat T cells revealed the presence of multiple transcription start sites of human GD3 synthase gene, and the 5'-end analysis of the longest(More)
Visualization of macrophages in live animals has been of great interest for a better understanding of inflammation. We developed a near infrared (NIR) probe that can selectively detect macrophages and visualize inflammation in vivo using the IVIS spectrum, Fluorescence Molecular Tomography (FMT) and Multi-Spectral Optoacoustic Tomography (MSOT).
Stem cells, which are capable of self-renewing and differentiating into various types of cells, have captured great interest as a valuable resource for regenerative medicine and developmental biology research. Technical progress during the last decade has enabled the isolation of stem cells from a wide range of tissues, their differentiation into specific(More)
Detecting and isolating specific types of cells is crucial to understanding a variety of biological processes, including development, aging, regeneration and pathogenesis; this understanding, in turn, allows the use of cells for therapeutic purposes, for which stem cells have emerged recently as invaluable materials. The current methods of isolation and(More)
A gene (pagA) encoding beta-agarase from Pseudomonas sp. SK38 was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The structural gene consists of 1011 bp encoding 337 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 37326 and has a signal peptide of 18 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence showed 57% and 58% homology to beta-agarase from Pseudoalteromonas(More)
Universal phenotyping techniques that can discriminate among various states of biological systems have great potential. We applied 557 fluorescent library compounds to NCI's 60 human cancer cell-lines (NCI-60) to generate a systematic fluorescence phenotypic profiling data. By the kinetic fluorescence intensity analysis, we successfully discriminated the(More)
We have cloned the genomic DNA encoding the human NeuAc alpha2,3Gal beta1,3GalNAc alpha2,6-sialyltransferase (hST6GalNAc IV) and analysed its structure. The hST6GalNAc IV gene was found to span about 9 kb and to be composed of six exons. The 5'-RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends) results indicated that mRNA isoform of the hST6GalNAc IV was generated by(More)
A series of meso-ester-substituted BODIPY derivatives 1-6 are synthesized and characterized. In particular, dyes functionalized with oligo(ethylene glycol) ether styryl or naphthalene vinylene groups at the α positions of the BODIPY core (3-6) become partially soluble in water, and their absorptions and emissions are located in the far-red or near-infrared(More)
Pancreatic Langerhans islets are mainly composed of insulin-secreting beta cells and glucagon-secreting alpha cells, along with other minor cell types, and play a central role in the regulation of blood glucose levels. [1] Because of this, imaging of viable pancreatic islets is an important component in research on diabetes both in clinical and experimental(More)
The first BODIPY library (BD) was synthesized, and a highly selective glucagon sensor, Glucagon Yellow (BD-105), was discovered by fluorescence image-based screening method. BD library was synthesized via a Knoevenagel-type condensation reaction with 160 benzaldehydes and the 1,3 dimethyl-BODIPY scaffold. Using BD compounds, a fluorescence image-based(More)