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This paper examines the relationship between wavelet-based image processing algorithms and variational problems. Algorithms are derived as exact or approximate minimizers of variational problems; in particular, we show that wavelet shrinkage can be considered the exact minimizer of the following problem. Given an image F defined on a square I, minimize over(More)
This paper describes a novel technique for embedding watermark bits into digital audio signals. The proposed method is based on the patchwork algorithm on the wavelet domain and does not need the original audio signal in the watermark detection. It uses the wavelet transform generated by the low-pass analysis filter h n whose length is 2 and h 0 = h 1 = 1(More)
Over the last decade, numerous companies have tried to adopt a commercial ERP package in the worldwide e-business and e-commerce environment. However, most of commercial ERP packages are designed for a large-scaled company so that it is difficult to adopt a commercial ERP package in terms of small and medium-size companies. Therefore, it is necessary for a(More)
Because the Radon transform is a smoothing transform, any noise in the Radon data becomes magnified when the inverse Radon transform is applied. Among the methods used to deal with this problem is the wavelet-vaguelette decomposition (WVD) coupled with wavelet shrinkage, as introduced by Donoho (1995). We extend several results of Donoho and others here.(More)
We conducted positron emission tomography (PET) image reconstruction experiments using the wavelet transform. The Wavelet-Vaguelette decomposition was used as a framework from which expressions for the necessary wavelet coefficients might be derived, and then the wavelet shrinkage was applied to the wavelet coefficients for the reconstruction (WVS). The(More)
Ordered subset expectation-maximization (OSEM) method in positron emission tomography (PET) has been very popular recently. It is an iterative algorithm and provides images with superior noise characteristics compared to conventional filtered backprojection (FBP) algorithms. Due to the lack of smoothness in images in OSEM iterations, however, some type of(More)
[Purpose] In this study, we examined the effects of virtual reality dance exercise on the balance, activities of daily living and depressive disorder status of Parkinson's disease patients. [Subjects] Twenty patients were assigned either the experimental group (n = 10) or the control group (n = 10). All participants received 30 minutes of neurodevelopment(More)
The global epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus has changed over the past decade, and this has been characterized by the emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant S. aureus (CA-MRSA), which has spread to hospitals. Several CA-MRSA clones have emerged in various geographic locations, some of which have become widespread worldwide through(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Although multidrug resistance (MDR) among extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) poses significant therapeutic challenges, little is known regarding the risk factors and epidemiology of community-onset MDR-ESBL-EC infections. We performed this study to investigate risk factors and the molecular epidemiology of(More)