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Using cDNA database mining strategies and real-time quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, we identified B7-H4 as a novel gene that is overexpressed in ovarian and breast cancer tissues when compared with normal tissues. The gene encodes a protein of 282 amino acids with a signal sequence, an immunoglobulin domain, and a COOH-terminal hydrophobic(More)
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in most industrialized countries. However, the diagnosis and management of coronary heart disease is far from optimal. Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), also known as platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase, is an enzyme that hydrolyses oxidized phospholipids and is primarily(More)
A group of investigators met at a Specialized Programs of Research Excellence Workshop to discuss key issues in the translation of biomarker discovery to the development of useful laboratory tests for cancer care. Development and approval of several new markers and technologies have provided informative examples that include more specific markers for(More)
BACKGROUND Shortening of telomeres (specialized structures at the ends of chromosomes) beyond a certain length may signal a cell to stop dividing and to enter senescence. A ribonucleoprotein enzyme, telomerase, is a key component in maintaining telomere length. Because the majority of cancers express telomerase but most normal somatic tissues do not, we(More)
OBJECTIVE This study characterizes the expression of the novel biomarker B7-H4 in ovarian cancer tissue, normal ovaries, and benign ovarian tumors, and evaluates its relationship to CA125. METHODS Ovarian tissue lysates from 251 patients with ovarian carcinoma were assessed for the levels of B7-H4 and CA125 by ELISA assays. For comparison, ovarian tissues(More)
BACKGROUND CA125, human epididymis protein 4 (HE4), mesothelin, B7-H4, decoy receptor 3 (DcR3), and spondin-2 have been identified as potential ovarian cancer biomarkers. Except for CA125, their behavior in the prediagnostic period has not been evaluated. METHODS Immunoassays were used to determine concentrations of CA125, HE4, mesothelin, B7-H4, DcR3,(More)
OBJECTIVE Early detection through regular screening could significantly reduce mortality from ovarian cancer. Advances in biomarkers and imaging continue to improve the sensitivity and specificity of cancer detection, but further improvements are still needed. In this study, we identified and evaluated three new serum biomarkers that may be used to improve(More)
PURPOSE Our goal was to examine a panel of 11 biochemical variables, measured in cytosolic extracts of ovarian tissues (normal, benign, and malignant) by quantitative ELISAs for their ability to diagnose, prognose, and predict response to chemotherapy of ovarian cancer patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Eleven proteins were measured (9 kallikreins, B7-H4, and(More)
The increasing number of breast carcinoma in situ detected by screening procedures makes it imperative to develop improved markers to stratify the risk of invasive cancer. Telomerase is detectable in invasive cancer, but not in normal tissues. We have microdissected frozen tissue blocks containing both DCIS and invasive cancer to assay the telomerase(More)
PURPOSE Recent studies associate telomerase activity with prognostic factors and survival. We compared quantitative telomerase activity in primary tumors with traditional prognostic factors and outcome in a group of invasive but nonmetastatic breast cancers. PATIENTS AND METHODS Telomerase activity was measured in 203 invasive breast cancers by the(More)