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Genotyping of highly polymorphic short tandem repeat (STR) markers is widely used for the genetic identification of individuals in forensic DNA analyses and in paternity disputes. The National DNA Profile Databank recently established by the DNA Identification Act in Korea contains the computerized STR DNA profiles of individuals convicted of crimes. For(More)
Because of their sensitivity and high level of discrimination, short tandem repeat (STR) maker systems are currently the method of choice in routine forensic casework and data banking, usually in multiplexes up to 15–17 loci. Constraints related to sample amount and quality, frequently encountered in forensic casework, will not allow to change this picture(More)
Haplotypes and allele frequencies of 12 STR loci included in the PowerPlex Y system (DYS391, DYS389I, DYS439, DYS389II, DYS438, DYS437, DYS19, DYS392, DYS393, DYS390, and DYS385a/b) were obtained from a sample of 569 unrelated individuals living in the central region of Korea. A total of 473 haplotypes were observed in the 569 individuals studied, of which(More)
Allele frequencies and haplotypes of 16 Y chromosomal STR loci included in the AmpFlSTR((R)) Yfilertrade mark system were obtained from a sample of 526 unrelated Korean male individuals. A total of 478 haplotypes were observed in the 526 individuals studied, of which 440 were unique. The overall haplotype diversity for the 16 Y-STR loci was 0.9996, and the(More)
Mitochondrial diseases are clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders, which make the exact diagnosis and classification difficult. The purpose of this study was to identify pathogenic mtDNA mutations in 61 Korean unrelated families (or isolated patients) with MELAS or MERRF. In particular, the mtDNA sequences were completely determined for 49(More)
BACKGROUND The plant-derived estrogen biochanin A is known to cause vasodilation, but its mechanism of action in hypertension remains unclear. This study was undertaken to investigate the effects and mechanisms of biochanin A on the thoracic aorta in two-kidney, one clip (2K1C) renovascular hypertensive rats. METHODS Hypertension was induced by clipping(More)
The genetic pattern of the Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (Y-STR) haplotypes of 542 unrelated males having the five most common surnames was analyzed to evaluate their usefulness for Korean forensic science and to provide the basic information for Korean genetic genealogy. We identified 439 Y-STR haplotypes, with 385 (87.7%) being found once. Each of the(More)
Haplotypes and allele frequencies of 17 Y-chromosomal STR loci included in the AmpFlSTR(®) Yfiler(®) system were obtained from a sample of 1021 unrelated individuals living in 6 provinces of South Korea. A total of 938 haplotypes were observed in the 1021 individuals studied, of which 885 were unique. The overall haplotype diversity for the 17 Y-STR loci(More)