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A solution growth approach for zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires is highly appealing because of the low growth temperature and possibility for large area synthesis. Reported reaction times for ZnO nanowire synthesis, however, are long, spanning from several hours to days. In this work, we report on the rapid synthesis of ZnO nanowires on various substrates (such(More)
We present the science and technology roadmap for graphene, related two-dimensional crystals, and hybrid systems, targeting an evolution in technology, that might lead to impacts and benefits reaching into most areas of society. This roadmap was developed within the framework of the European Graphene Flagship and outlines the main targets and research areas(More)
The growth of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes using a direct current plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition system is reported. The growth properties are studied as a function of the Ni catalyst layer thickness, bias voltage, deposition temperature, C 2 H 2 :NH 3 ratio, and pressure. It was found that the diameter, growth rate, and areal density of(More)
It has been claimed that graphene growth on copper by chemical vapor deposition is dominated by crystallization from the surface initially supersaturated with carbon adatoms, which implies that the growth is independent of hydrocarbon addition after the nucleation phase. Here, we present an alternative growth model based on our observations that oppose this(More)
The largest applications of high-performance graphene will likely be realized when combined with ubiquitous Si very large scale integrated (VLSI) technology, affording a new portfolio of "back end of the line" devices including graphene radio frequency transistors, heat and transparent conductors, interconnects, mechanical actuators, sensors, and optical(More)
The joining of macroscopic films of vertically aligned multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to titanium substrates is demonstrated by active vacuum brazing at 820 °C with a Ag-Cu-Ti alloy and at 880 °C with a Cu-Sn-Ti-Zr alloy. The brazing methodology was elaborated in order to enable the production of highly electrically and thermally conductive CNT/metal(More)
A modified cathodic arc technique has been used to deposit carbon nitride thin films directly on n + Si substrates. Transmission Electron Microscopy showed that clusters of fullerene-like nanoparticles are embedded in the deposited material. Field emission in vacuum from as-grown films starts at an electric field strength of 3.8 V/µm. When the films were(More)
The aim of this work is to study in detail the growth process of multi-wall and single-wall carbon nanotubes from thin metal catalyst by using Nanoauger spectroscopy. The growth is performed by CVD using a thin film triple metal (Al/Fe/Mo) catalyst, by a rapid growth process (gas C 2 H 2 , 1000°C, 5 s) directly on silicon substrates [1]. Recently, a(More)
A field emission vacuum switch using vertically aligned carbon nanotubes grown by a direct current plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition is reported. Cathodes with optimized field emission properties were evaluated in diode configuration as a test vehicle for the construction of a vacuum power three terminal triode device. Limiting factors such as space(More)
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