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Formation of alpha-synuclein aggregates is proposed to be a crucial event in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. Large soluble oligomeric species are observed as probable intermediates during fibril formation and these, or related aggregates, may constitute the toxic element that triggers neurodegeneration. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of(More)
The application of Raman spectroscopy to characterize natively unfolded proteins has been underdeveloped, even though it has significant technical advantages. We propose that a simple three-component band fitting of the amide I region can assist in the conformational characterization of the ensemble of structures present in natively unfolded proteins. The(More)
An analog of coomassie brilliant blue-R (CBB-R) was recently found to act as an antagonist to ATP-sensitive purinergic receptors (P2X7R) and has potential to be used in medicine. With the aim of understanding its transportation and distribution through blood, in this investigation, we measured the binding parameters of CBB-R with bovine hemoglobin (BHG).(More)
A new family of andrographolide analogues were synthesized and screened in vitro against kidney (HEK-293) and breast (MCF-7) cancer cells. The anti-cancer effects of the active analogues (2b, 2c and 4c) were determined by multiple cell based assays such as MTT, immunostaining, FACS, western blotting and transcriptional inhibition of NF-κB activity.(More)
The zinc-dependent matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are key enzymes associated with extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling; they play critical roles under both physiological and pathological conditions. MMP-9 activity is linked to many pathological processes, including rheumatoid arthritis, atherosclerosis, gastric ulcer, tumor growth, and cancer metastasis.(More)
The filamentous bacteriophage PH75, which infects the thermophile T. thermophilus, assembles in vivo at 70 degrees C and is stable to at least 90 degrees C. Although a high-resolution structure of PH75 is not available, the virion is known to comprise a closed single-stranded (ss) DNA circle of 6500 nucleotides sheathed by a capsid comprising 2700 copies of(More)
Despite recent advances in medicine, 30-40% of patients with breast cancer show recurrence underscoring the need for improved effective therapy. In this study, by in vitro screening we have selected a novel synthetic indole derivative 2,2'-diphenyl-3,3'-diindolylmethane (DPDIM) as a potential anti- breast cancer agent. DPDIM induces apoptosis both in vitro(More)
Two isomers of malonyl-coenzyme A (malonyl-CoA) were detected in a commercial preparation of malonyl-CoA. These compounds were separated by preparative high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and characterized by HPLC/ultraviolet (UV)/mass spectrometry. Both compounds had a UV absorbance maximum at 259-260 nm. Both compounds underwent negative(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer is a severe threat to the human society. In the scientific community worldwide cancer remains a big challenge as there are no remedies as of now. Cancer is quite complicated as it involves multiple signalling pathways and it may be caused by genetic disorders. Various natural products and synthetic molecules have been designed to prevent(More)
Resonance Raman spectra were investigated for the sulfo and desulfo forms of cow's milk xanthine oxidase, with various visible excitation lines between 400 and 650 nm, and MoVI-ligand vibrations were observed for the first time. The MoVI=S stretch was identified at 474 and 462 cm–1 for the 32S- and 34S-sulfo forms, respectively, but was absent in the(More)