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— Multi-Protocol Label Switching is useful in managing multimedia traffic when some links are too congested; MPLS Traffic Engineering is a growing implementation in today's service provider networks. In This paper we propose an improvement of MPLS-TE called EMPLS-TE, it is based on a modification of operation of Forwarding Equivalence Class (FEC) in order(More)
The exponential chip weighting waveforms have been designed with the purpose of multiple access interferences (MAI) rejection based on the concept that the optimum despreading sequence in reference emphasizes the transitions in the received spreading signal of interest. The despreading sequence weighted by exponential chip waveforms was determined by only(More)
During the course to deploy Ipv6, we found several critical implementation and operational issues which distract user and possibly prevent wide deployment of Ipv6. Among the problems we noticed stateless IP autoconfiguration, which provides for each nodes connected to the network an IP address. However, two nodes may have the same address, and a network(More)
Scaling to large networks and dealing with high mobility define the major challenges in designing routing protocols for Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANETs). These protocols must be efficient in order to ensure quality of service (QoS) support and energy efficiency. In this paper, we investigate the effect of density and mobility on routing operation on the(More)
In this paper we examine the problem of evaluating the performance of TCP connections in a wide area network. Our approach combines analytical and simulation methods. Our model is represented by two finite buffer queues which are shared by two connections. One being the reference TCP connection and the other representing the exogenous traffic (in simulation(More)
Due to high mobility of nodes, the major challenge of mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) is the frequent link breakages which lead to numerous path failures and route discoveries. This paper introduces a novel signal strength based algorithm for RREQs forwarding (SAODV) to better exploit the neighbor coverage knowledge and hence reduce routing overhead in(More)