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We have isolated a brain-specific cDNA that encodes a Na(+)-dependent inorganic phosphate (Pi) cotransporter (BNPI). The nucleotide sequence of BNPI predicts a protein of 560 amino acids with 6-8 putative transmembrane-spanning segments that is approximately 32% identical to the rabbit kidney Na(+)-dependent Pi cotransporter. Expression of BNPI mRNA in(More)
The laminar distribution of tyrosine hydroxylase activity, dopamine and norepinephrine was determined in the dog olfactory bulb. The levels of tyrosine hydroxylase activity and dopamine were highest in the glomerular layer, whereas norepinephrine appeared to be more uniformly distributed across the layers. A similar distribution was observed within the(More)
A series of neuroanatomical, biochemical, and histochemical studies have been conducted to determine the sources of cholinergic afferents to the main olfactory bulb (MOB) in the hamster. Following horseradish peroxidase (HRP) injections that are restricted to the MOB, retrograde neuronal labeling is observed bilaterally in the anterior olfactory nucleus,(More)
The neurochemical specificity of physiological, biochemical, and psychological responses to dextroamphetamine was tested by pretreating volunteers with haloperidol (0.014 mg/kg IM), proparonol (0.1 mg/kg IV), thymoxamine (0.1 mg/kg IV), or placebo prior to 0.3 mg/kg IV amphetamine. Healthy volunteers (N=12) participated in the studies, but not all(More)
Brain structures activated during ethanol withdrawal have been mapped by visualizing c-fos mRNA expression. The regional distribution of c-fos mRNA in brain during ethanol withdrawal can be mimicked by acute injection of N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) and is stereospecifically blocked by the NMDA receptor antagonist, MK-801. The findings reveal that the(More)
Quinolinic acid (QUIN) is a neurotoxin and convulsant when injected directly into the brains of experimental animals and as such has been implicated in the etiology of human seizure disorders. In the present study, we quantified QUIN in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and in spiking (focus) and nonspiking (nonfocus) regions of surgically resected human temporal(More)
The kynurenine pathway metabolites, quinolinic acid (QUIN) and L-kynurenine are convulsants, whereas kynurenic acid (KYNA) is an antagonist of excitatory amino acid receptors. Imbalances in the concentrations of these metabolites have been implicated in the etiology of human seizure disorders. In the present study, L-kynurenine and QUIN concentrations in(More)
The cholinergic innervation of the interpeduncular nucleus (IPN) is wholly extrinsic and is greatly attenuated by bilateral habenular destruction. We describe changes in the labeling of putative nicotinic receptors within this nucleus at 3, 5, or 11 days after bilateral habenular lesions. Adjacent tissue sections of the rat IPN were utilized for 3H-nicotine(More)