Learn More
Several strains of autoimmune mice spontaneously develop molecular layer ectopias that are similar in appearance to those seen in humans and are caused by disturbances in neocortical neuronal migration. These mice also exhibit behavioral anomalies, some of which correlate with ectopias, others with the immunological disorder. In this study, we induced(More)
BXSB mice have small neocortical anomalies (ectopic collections of neurons in layer I), with an incidence of about 40-60%. Previous studies have found that ectopic mice from this strain are faster than non-ectopics in learning the Morris water maze (reference memory), but have poorer working memory for spatial learning. The current study continues the(More)
NZB and BXSB mice develop autoimmune disease and learn poorly on avoidance tasks. In addition, many of these mice have ectopic collections of neurons, which occur prenatally, in layer I of the cerebral neocortex. The purpose of these experiments was to evaluate the contribution of the uterine/maternal environment upon these variables by transferring(More)
Distinct aspects of our fearful experiences appear to be mediated by separate explicit and implicit memory processes. To identify brain regions that support these separate memory processes, we measured contingency awareness, conditional fear expression, and functional magnetic resonance imaging signal during a Pavlovian fear conditioning procedure in which(More)
Two measures of lateralized forelimb usage, the Collins paw preference test and the Lateral Paw Preference test (LPP), were tested in 693 mice of 29 inbred strains and F1 crosses, and 2 embryo transfer groups. These strains included NZB, SM, and the NXSM recombinant inbred (RI) strains; RF and the NXRF RI strains; BXSB and the Y-consomic BXSB-Yaa+; DBA/2(More)
Development of cortical sensory systems is influenced by environmental experience during "sensitive periods," before onset of behavioral function. During these periods, synaptic plasticity is observed, and neuronal function shows increased responsiveness to environmental stimulation. Because the hippocampus is late to develop, and because it demonstrates(More)
Previous research found that the corpus callosum of male rats is larger than that of females; handling rats in infancy enhances this sex difference; and female rat pups, when handled in infancy and given 1 injection of testosterone propionate (TP) on Day 4 of life, will have callosa as large as those of males. In 2 experiments, male pups were castrated on(More)
The current study examined the contribution of early postnatal experience to the functional lateralisation of spatial ability in the male rat. Litters were handled (H) or non-handled (NH) during the first 20 days of life, and three males from each litter were tested in the Morris water maze in adulthood. Two subjects from each litter were monocularly(More)
The BXSB-Yaa and BXSB-Yaa + inbred strains of mice differ primarily with respect to the Y chromosome, although there is evidence that they differ on several autosomal genes as well. Each strain has ectopic collections of neurons in neocortical layer I (ectopias), with a higher occurrence in males (58%) than females (42%). Conventionally reared mice from(More)
New Zealand Black (NZB) mice have severe autoimmune disease and approximately 40% have cortical ectopias in layer I of sensorimotor cortex. Because the ectopias are similar to those found in dyslexics, NZB mice have been used as an animal model for developmental learning disorders. In addition, these mice have been used as a model of learning deficits(More)