Naiyuan Zhou

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The aim of the present investigation is to determine the effect of alpha-helical propensity and sidechain hydrophobicity on the stability of amphipathic alpha-helices. Accordingly, a series of 18-residue amphipathic alpha-helical peptides has been synthesized as a model system where all 20 amino acid residues were substituted on the hydrophobic face of the(More)
We have designed a model protein that consists of two identical 35-residue polypeptide chains, parallel and in-register arranged in a two-stranded alpha-helical coiled-coil structure. This structure is stabilized by interchain hydrophobic interactions between leucine residues at positions "a" and "d" of a repeating heptad sequence. To determine the(More)
Human breast milk samples collected from mothers (n=110) who lived in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, southwestern China in 2009 were analyzed to determine the concentrations of 13 musk compounds. Possible relationships between musk concentrations and some personal characteristics were also studied. Only five target analytes were detected in the milk samples(More)
Artemisinin and its main active metabolite dihydroartemisinin, clinically used antimalarial agents with low host toxicity, have recently shown potent anticancer activities in a variety of human cancer models. Although iron mediated oxidative damage is involved, the mechanisms underlying these activities remain unclear. In the current study, we found that(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the differences between hydrophobicity and packing effects in specifying the three-dimensional structure and stability of proteins when mutating hydrophobes in the hydrophobic core. In DNA-binding proteins (leucine zippers), Leu residues are conserved at positions "d," and beta-branched amino acids, Ile and Val, often(More)
The use of amino acid retention or hydrophobicity coefficients for the prediction of peptide retention time behaviour on hydrophobic stationary phases is based on the premise that amino acid composition is the major factor affecting peptide retention in reversed-phase chromatography. Although this assumption holds up well enough for small peptides (up to(More)
A hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography coupled to ESI-MS (HILIC/ESI-MS) method for the simultaneous determination of melamine and related compounds, i.e. ammeline, ammelide and cyanuric acid in foods was developed and validated. The separation was accomplished on a Venusil HILIC column with a mobile phase of acetonitrile + 10 mM ammonium formate(More)
We report the design and synthesis of model heterodimeric coiled-coil proteins and the packing contribution of interchain hetero-hydrophobic side-chains to coiled-coil stability. The heterodimeric coiled-coils are obtained by oxidizing two 35-residue polypeptide chains, each containing a cysteine residue at position 2 and differing in amino acid sequences(More)
Our de novo designed coiled-coil model protein consists of two identical 35-residue polypeptide chains arranged in a parallel and in-register alignment via interchain hydrophobic interactions and a disulfide bridge at the position 2 between two helices. To quantitate the relative contribution of leucine residues at the nonequivalent position of the 3-4(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate quantitatively the contribution that hydrophobic residues and disulfide bonds make to protein stability using a model protein with well-defined secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure. This de novo-designed protein consists of two identical 35-residue alpha-helical polypeptide chains arranged in a coiled-coil(More)