Learn More
BACKGROUND The incidence and prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) varies considerably around the world. No previous study has performed a comprehensive review examining the incidence and prevalence of MS across the Americas. The purpose of this study was to systematically review and assess the quality of studies estimating the incidence and/or prevalence(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common cause of neurological disability in young adults worldwide and approximately half of those affected are in Europe. The assessment of differential incidence and prevalence across populations can reveal spatial, temporal and demographic patterns which are important for identifying genetic and environmental(More)
The objectives of this paper were (1) to review recent research on the actions of vitamin D as a steroid derivative with neuroactive properties and (2) to highlight clinical relevance and need for more research. Our methods included review of research from current journals, Medline, and Cochrane Reviews; theoretical discussion. Scientific research has had a(More)
OBJECTIVES Studies of multiple sclerosis (MS) incidence and prevalence from Africa, Asia, Australia and New Zealand are relatively scarce. We systematically reviewed MS incidence and prevalence in these regions including a standardized evaluation of study quality. METHODS We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE databases for studies of MS prevalence or incidence(More)
Lyme neuroborreliosis is a tick-borne illness with central and peripheral nervous system manifestations. Clinical features and methods for accurate diagnosis differ across world regions owing to different causative Borrelia species. The importance of these distinctions is highlighted by a 12-year-old Canadian girl who acquired Lyme neuroborreliosis in(More)
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a severe inflammatory demyelinating disorder typically characterized by attacks of recurrent optic neuritis and transverse myelitis. Advances in magnetic resonance imaging techniques and the discovery of the relatively specific NMO IgG biomarker have led to improved diagnostic accuracy and greater recognition of the broad(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is associated with increased multiple sclerosis (MS) risk. Recently, cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection has been proposed as a protective factor against MS development. We determined EBV, herpes simplex virus, varicella-zoster virus and CMV seroprevalence in 247 prospectively followed children with acquired demyelinating(More)
Given the high costs of conducting a drug-response trial, researchers are now aiming to use retrospective analyses to conduct genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to identify underlying genetic contributions to drug-response variation. To prevent confounding results from a GWAS to investigate drug response, it is necessary to account for concomitant(More)