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We observe polarization-locked vector solitons in a mode-locked fiber laser. Temporal vector solitons have components along both birefringent axes. Despite different phase velocities due to linear birefringence, the relative phase of the components is locked at 6p͞2. The value of 6p͞2 and component magnitudes agree with a simple analysis of the Kerr(More)
This paper reviews the latest advances in the area of multi-soliton complexes (MSCs). We present exact analytical solutions of coupled nonlinear Schrr odinger equations, which describe multi-soliton complexes and their interactions on top of a background in media with self-focusing or self-defocusing Kerr-like nonlinearities. We p r e s e n t n umerical(More)
A method is proposed for finding exact solutions of the nonlinear Schr~dinger equation. It uses an ansatz in which the real and imaginary parts of the unknown function are connected by a linear relation with coefficients that depend only on the time. The method consists of constructing a system of ordinary differential equations whose solutions determine(More)
The nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLSE) is a central model of nonlinear science, applying to hydrodynamics, plasma physics, molecular biology and optics. The NLSE admits only few elementary analytic solutions, but one in particular describing a localized soliton on a finite background is of intense current interest in the context of understanding the(More)
We experimentally observe polarization-locked vector solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser. The vector soliton pulse is composed of components along both principal polarization axes of the linearly birefringent laser cavity. For certain values of birefringence and pulse energy these components propagate with a constant relative optical phase of(More)
We have performed a detailed linear stability analysis of exploding solitons of the complex cubic–quintic Ginzburg–Landau (CGLE) equation. We have found, numerically, the whole set of perturbation eigenvalues for these solitons. We propose a scenario of soliton evolution based on this spectrum of eigenvalues. We relate exploding and self-restoring behavior(More)
We report on analytical, numerical and experimental studies of higher-order modulation instability in fiber optics. This new form of instability arises from the nonlinear superposition of elementary instabilities and manifests as complex, yet deterministic temporal pulse break-up dynamics. We use the Darboux transformation to analytically describe the(More)
We propose a one-dimensional model governing the propagation of heat waves in an optical fiber (the " fiber fuse "). The model has solutions in the form of high temperature localized waves moving towards the input end of the fiber, fueled by the laser power. These waves can be ignited by local heating at any point along the fiber. The effect of such a wave(More)