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BACKGROUND Vibrio vulnificus is a gram-negative bacterium that causes septicaemia and wound infection. Cases occur sporadically, and no previous outbreaks due to a common source or a clonal strain have been reported. In the summer and autumn of 1996 and 1997, an outbreak of invasive V. vulnificus infection occurred in Israel in people who had recently(More)
The recent emergence of the human-pathogenic Vibrio vulnificus in Israel was investigated by using multilocus genotype data and modern molecular evolutionary analysis tools. We show that this pathogen is a hybrid organism that evolved by the hybridization of the genomes from 2 distinct and independent populations. These findings provide clear evidence of(More)
A multilocus sequence typing (MLST) system was developed for group B streptococcus (GBS). The system was used to characterize a collection (n = 152) of globally and ecologically diverse human strains of GBS that included representatives of capsular serotypes Ia, Ib, II, III, V, VI, and VIII. Fragments (459 to 519 bp) of seven housekeeping genes were(More)
OBJECTIVES The true incidence of post-splenectomy sepsis remains undetermined. METHODS An English literature review on post-splenectomy sepsis was undertaken by means of databases of MEDLINE for the period 1966-96. The data registered included age at splenectomy, indication for splenectomy, incidence of infection and death, interval between splenectomy(More)
BACKGROUND A defined geographical area (Oxford, United Kingdom) was investigated for the role of group B Streptococcus (GBS) as a human pathogen. METHODS GBS carriage in pregnant women and invasive disease in neonates and adults >60 years of age was studied over a 3-year period. Multilocus sequence typing and capsular serotyping were used to study 369(More)
Multi-locus sequence types (MLST) from a global collection of Vibrio vulnificus isolates were analysed for the contribution of recombination to the evolution of two divergent clusters of strains and a human-pathogenic hybrid genotype, which caused a disease outbreak in Israel. Recombination contributes more substantially than mutation to generating strain(More)
The genetic relatedness and evolutionary relationships between group B streptococcus (GBS) isolates from humans and those from bovines were investigated by phylogenetic analysis of multilocus sequence typing data. The collection of isolates consisted of 111 GBS isolates from cows with mastitis and a diverse global collection of GBS isolates from patients(More)
Serotype III group B streptococcus (GBS) causes more invasive disease in infants than do other serotypes in North America. We used multilocus sequence typing to identify clones within 28 invasive serotype III GBS isolates identified from a population-based study and 55 serotype III GBS colonizing isolates from a cohort of women from the same population. Ten(More)
The population structure of group B streptococcus (GBS) from a low-incidence region for invasive neonatal disease (Israel) was investigated using multilocus genotype data. The strain collection consisted of isolates from maternal carriage (n=104) and invasive neonatal disease (n=50), resolving into 46 sequence types. The most prevalent sequence types were(More)
BACKGROUND The compliance of hospital staff with guidelines for the active surveillance of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Israel has not been determined. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the compliance of hospital staff with guidelines for the active surveillance of MRSA and assess its impact on the incidence of nosocomial MRSA bacteremia. (More)