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BACKGROUND The DNA repair gene XRCC4, an important caretaker of overall genome stability, is thought to play a major role in the development of human carcinogenesis. However, the association of the polymorphic variants of XRCC4 with oral cancer susceptibility has never been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this hospital-based case-control study, the(More)
A 250K single-nucleotide polymorphism array was used to study subchromosomal alterations in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The most frequent amplification was found at 7p11.2 in 9 of 29 (31%) oral cancer patients. Minimal genomic mapping verified a unique amplicon spanning from 54.6 to 55.3 Mb on chromosome 7, which contains SEC61G and epidermal(More)
Baicalein was investigated for tumor cell-specific cytotoxicity, apoptosis-inducing activity and signal pathway against the MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell line. After the MDA-MB-231 cells had been treated with baicalein, trypan blue exclusion, propidium iodide (PI) assay and 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) were used to stain the dead cells and(More)
The effects of coumarin on cell viability, cell cycle arrest and induction of apoptosis were investigated in human cervical cancer HeLa cells. Coumarin was cytotoxic with an IC50 of 54.2 microM, induced morphological changes, and caused G0/G1 arrest and apoptosis. The decreasing number of viable cells appeared to be due to induction of cell cycle arrest and(More)
The effects of Saikosaponin-A on human breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7) were investigated. Results demonstrated that Saikosaponin-A inhibited the proliferation or viability of the MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Saikosaponin-A treatment of MDA-MB-231 for 3 hours and of MCF-7 cells for 2 hours, respectively caused an(More)
Fatty acids are endogenous ligands of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARα), which is linked to the regulation of fatty acid uptake, lipid metabolism and breast cancer cell growth. This study was designed to screen candidate fatty acids from breast cancer tissue and to investigate the effects of these candidate fatty acids on PPARα(More)
The aim of this study was to establish an effective mouse model of oral cancer and to use this model to identify potential markers of oral tumor progression. C57BL/6JNarl mice were treated with arecoline, 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4-NQO), or both arecoline and 4-NQO in high and low doses for 8 weeks to induce oral tumor. The induced oral lesions were(More)
Apolipoprotein E (APOE) polymorphism plays an important role in lipid metabolism. Preliminary evidence suggests that APOE genotype appears to be a risk factor for not only cardiovascular disease, but also Alzheimer's disease and cancer. We screened the APOE genotype in 290 breast cancer patients and 232 non-cancer controls and determined the relationship(More)
Berberine, an isoquinoline alkaloid, has been shown to possess anticancer properties in some cancer cell lines. Here, we report that in vitro treatment of cervical cancer Ca Ski cells with berberine decreased the percentage of viable Ca Ski cells in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. Berberine enhanced the apoptosis of Ca Ski cells with the(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of tumor biomarkers to assist early diagnosis and monitoring of disease progression may potentially decrease the mortality and morbidity associated with oral cancer. METHODS A mouse model with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) induced by 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4-NQO)/arecoline in drinking water was established to discover(More)