Nahum Nesher

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BACKGROUND Increased cardiac troponin is observed after virtually every cardiac operation, indicating perioperative myocardial injury. The clinical significance of this elevation is controversial. This study aimed to correlate postoperative troponin levels with major adverse cardiac events (MACE). METHODS The study included 1918 consecutive patients(More)
BACKGROUND Thoracotomy is associated with severe pain. Large doses of morphine can depress respiratory drive and compromise hemodynamic stability. Ketamine reduces hyperalgesia, prevents opioid tolerance and resistance and lowers morphine consumption. At sub-anesthetic (< or = 500 microg/kg) doses, ketamine rarely produces undesirable hemodynamic(More)
Increased Troponin I levels and pro-inflammatory cytokines have been reported in most patients undergoing cardiac surgery, ascribed to the type and extent of surgery, reperfusion injury, and the method of myocardial protection. We investigated their levels in patients undergoing on-pump (CCAB) or off-pump (OPCAB) coronary artery bypass surgery and whether(More)
Patients who received clopidogrel prior to coronary bypass surgery are at increased risk for bleeding that must be balanced with risk of ongoing ischemia if coronary artery bypass grafting is delayed. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of clopidogrel on mortality and major bleeding in patients undergoing urgent coronary bypass surgery. We reviewed 451(More)
Ketamine was recently shown to attenuate postoperative pain when used in combination with morphine in patients who had undergone general and orthopedic surgery. We assessed its effects in 46 patients undergoing minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass, off-pump coronary artery bypass, or thoracotomy and correlated them with patient and family(More)
OBJECTIVE Pharmacologic preconditioning represents an attractive myocardial protection strategy. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha plays an important role in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. We aimed to determine the effect of Monophosphoryl lipid A-induced delayed preconditioning on diastolic and systolic left ventricular function and tumor necrosis(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial ischemia, arrhythmias, and coagulopathies are associated with postoperative hypothermia. This study assessed the efficacy of a novel thermoregulation system in alleviating these events during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. METHODS Elective CABG surgery patients were randomized into either Allon thermoregulation (AT, n =(More)
OBJECTIVE Perioperative hypothermia might be detrimental to the patient undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. We assessed the efficacy of the Allon thermoregulation system (MTRE Advanced Technologies Ltd, Or-Akiva, Israel) compared with that of routine thermal care in maintaining normothermia during and after off-pump coronary artery bypass(More)
BACKGROUND Recent interest has focused on the use of arterial conduits in diabetic subsets. To date, the long-term benefits of bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting in this subgroup remain in question. METHODS Two hundred eighty-five consecutive oral-treated diabetics operated on nonemergent basis (1996 to 1998) were compared according to the(More)
BACKGROUND Bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting with a composite T-graft enables right coronary artery (RCA) system revascularization with the distal end of the free right internal thoracic artery (RITA). This study compares this grafting technique to left-sided BITA grafting and RCA revascularization with the right gastroepiploic artery(More)