Nahoko Ishioka

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The effect of superoxide anions (O2-) on red blood cells (RBC) deformability and membrane proteins was investigated using hypoxanthine-xanthine oxidase system. Exposure of RBC to O2- caused a marked decrease in RBC deformability with a concomitant increase in cell volume and shape changes. The RBC exposed to O2- also displayed pronounced degradation of(More)
Renal interstitial fluid Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](isf)) was measured in anesthetized Wistar rats by using in situ microdialysis. During perfusion of 20 cm of the proximal small intestine with Ca(2+)-free buffer, renal [Ca(2+)](isf) was 1.63 +/- 0.19 mmol/l in the cortex (n = 6) and 1.93 +/- 0.12 mmol/l in the medulla (n = 5, P = 0.223). When Ca(2+) in(More)
We previously showed that the deformability of human red blood cells (RBCs) is affected by intracellular signaling pathways by examining the effects of Ca2+ influx and the intracellular cAMP level on mechanically-impaired RBC filterability. In the present study, we investigated whether protein kinase C (PKC) participates in the regulation of RBC(More)
We showed that human adult red blood cells (RBCs) produce prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) and E2 (PGE2). RBCs that were mechanically stressed in the presence of extracellular Ca2+ by being injected rapidly through a fine needle produced PGE1 and PGE2 within 30 min after this mechanical stress. The amounts of PGE1 and PGE2 produced by 1 x 10(9) mechanically stressed(More)
We recently described a perivascular sensory nerve-linked dilator system that can be activated by interstitial Ca2+ (Ca2+isf). The present study tested the hypothesis that Ca2+isf in the rat duodenal submucosa varies through a range that is sufficient to activate this pathway. An in situ microdialysis method was used to estimate Ca2+isf. When the duodenal(More)
Plant regeneration capacity of Bulgarian rose callus tissue was examined. Adventitious bud formation could be successfully attained, depending on the kinds of mineral salts used in the medium, auxin and cytokinin used. When callus tissues were cultured on the medium without ammonium nitrate and contained indoleacetic acid and benzyladenine, buds were formed(More)
We tested the hypothesis that an endogenous cannabinoid (CB) receptor agonist, such as N-arachidonylethanolamine (anandamide), is the transmitter that mediates perivascular sensory nerve-dependent Ca2+-induced relaxation. Rat mesenteric branch arteries were studied using wire myography; relaxation was determined after inducing contraction with(More)
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