Naho Yoshinaga

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In inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), intestinal barrier function is impaired as a result of deteriorations in epithelial tight junction (TJ) structure. IL-6, a pleiotropic cytokine, is elevated in IBD patients, although the role of IL-6 in barrier function remains unknown. We present evidence that IL-6 increases TJ permeability by stimulating the(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and arachidonic acid (AA) can both function as extra- and intra-cellular messengers to regulate various cell functions including cell death. The effect of ROS on phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity and/or AA release has not been extensively studied in neuronal cells. In this study, we investigated the effects of H2O2 on AA release(More)
A dopaminergic neurotoxin, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), can induce dopaminergic denervation and Parkinsonism in humans. The active metabolite of MPTP is the 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+)). Previously we reported that MPP(+) is incorporated via the dopamine transport system and causes delayed cell death in GH3 cells, a(More)
In this study we investigated the uptake and effect of a dopaminergic neurotoxin, 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+) on a clonal strain, GH3 cells, established from rat anterior pituitary. Although the level was very low compared with that in PC12 cells, a clonal rat pheochromocytoma cell line, there was a detectable amount of tyrosine hydroxylase(More)
Previously we reported that 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+)), a dopaminergic neurotoxin, induced apoptosis of GH3 cells established from rat anterior pituitary. In the present study, the role of MPP(+) along with that of other apoptotic factors such as Ca(2+) and H(2)O(2) in cell death was examined. Ionomycin induced DNA fragmentation and lactate(More)
Avian adenoviruses were isolated from two pigeons affected with inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) by using chicken embryo liver cell cultures. One of the isolates, designated strain S-PL1, replicated in the cell nuclei forming intranuclear inclusion bodies, showed adenovirus-like morphology by electron microscopy, and cross-reacted serologically with strain(More)
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