Naho Haraguchi

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Jaw movements and masticatory muscle activity were recorded in freely moving rabbits during limb-licking, chewing, and drinking. The limb-licking movement was characterized by rhythmical jaw movement and digastric burst and relatively small masseter activity. The mean cycle time was 292 ms +/- 11.0 (mean +/- SE: n = 7) and was longer than that in chewing(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide has cardioprotective effects through several mechanisms. However, nitric oxide may have deleterious effects in the presence of superoxide because it is converted to peroxynitrite, which then initiates lipid peroxidation. Using a canine model of orthotopic heart transplantation, we examined whether adding an organic nitric oxide(More)
A system for simultaneously recording mandibular position in the sagittal plane together with masticatory muscle activity was designed and tested in rabbits. Two small magnetic sensors were implanted in the maxillary bone and a powerful magnet made of a rare earth metal attached to the mandibular central incisors. The magnetic sensors detected the(More)
Masseter and digastric muscle activities and jaw movement trajectories were recorded in freely moving rabbits during eating. The patterns in these trajectories and activities were similar to those described in previous studies on restrained animals. Although the duration of masticatory sequences, which started with food intake followed by grinding movements(More)
OBJECTIVES We have compared mortality and risk factors for late deaths in patients with tetralogy of Fallot undergoing surgical repair in 1972 and 1982 in a Japanese multicentric study, examining in particular the impact of time of repair. BACKGROUND There is limited information on the effect that time of repair, and our constantly changing approach to(More)
Reflex changes in masticatory muscles were investigated in naturally behaving rabbits while chewing soft food (bread) and hard food (raw rice). To study peripheral control mechanisms of mastication, reflex changes in masticatory muscles were correlated with the jaw movement trajectories. When the hard food was tested, the closing muscle was activated(More)
The effects of the timing of discontinuation of aspirin before coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on postoperative blood loss and blood requirements were examined in 22 patients undergoing elective CABG, who were randomly assigned into two groups. In Group I (11 patients), aspirin was discontinued two days before the operation and in Group II (11(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the possibility of using sevoflurane for inhalation sedation. PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty-five volunteers were divided randomly into two groups: sevoflurane group (n = 20) and nitrous oxide (N2O) group (n = 15). At the beginning of the sedation they all inhaled 100% O2, then a 0.1 minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane or(More)
The patient became dyspneic 3 days after radical neck dissection on the left side. A chest radiography showed bilateral pleural effusion.During the operation, a lymphatic leak was noted. In this case, the factor of an associated perforation of the pleural had not been demonstrated. Fresh frozen plasma was administered and positive end-expiratory pressure(More)
To understand the modulation of periodontal mechanoreceptor activity on mastication, the jaw-opening reflex (JOR) evoked by electrical stimulation of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) was studied during chewing in freely behaving rabbits. Spontaneous chewing movements were intact from the IAN stimulation below two times the threshold (T) which was measured(More)