Nahla Ali Azzam

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After immunosuppressive therapy with Cyclosporin A (Cy-A) is stopped, nerve allograft rejection occurs. In addition to the loss of allogeneic perineurial, vascular, and Schwann cells, host axons that regenerate into the allograft disappear despite the fact that the axons are not foreign tissue. The present experiment was performed to correlate immune events(More)
After suture of proximal and distal nerve stumps into the ends of a silicone chamber, a tissue cable forms inside the chamber through which axons regenerate. Schwann cells are a critical cellular component of the cable because in their absence axons fail to regenerate into the cable. In this study, we sought to determine whether axons were needed to induce(More)
Donor Schwann cells, perineurial cells, and vasculature are known to survive in grafts of peripheral nerve. In the present study, we attempted to cryopreserve nerve to determine whether these cellular components of nerve would survive after transplantation and support host axonal regeneration through the graft. Four-centimeter lengths of peroneal nerves(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common malignancy in the Saudi population, with an increasing incidence over the past 20 years. We aim to determine the baseline polyp as well as adenoma prevalence in a large cohort of patients and to find the possible age in which, if deemed appropriate, a CRC screening program should be(More)
Crohn's disease (CD) is a multifactorial disease with a genetic component and an observed association with genes related to the innate immune response. Polymorphisms in the CARD15/NOD2 gene, in addition to functional variants of the toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) and CD14 genes, have been associated with the development of Crohn's disease. There is no(More)
The passage of molecules into the endoneurial environment of the axons of normal peripheral nerve is regulated by two permeability barriers, the perineurial-nerve barrier and the endoneurial blood-nerve barrier. These barriers exist because of the presence of tight junctions between adjacent perineurial cells and adjacent endothelial cells. In the present(More)
Our aim was to evaluate the association between the expression and the polymorphism of TLR4/NF-κB pathways and colon cancer. TLR4 (rs4986790, rs10759932, rs10759931 and rs2770150) were genotyped in blood samples from Colorectal patients and healthy controls. TLR4 and cytokines inflammatory expression were evaluated by real time PCR on 40 matching normal and(More)
The development of cancer involves genetic predisposition and a variety of environmental exposures. Genome-wide linkage analyses provide evidence for the significant linkage of many diseases to susceptibility loci on chromosome 8p23, the location of the human defensin gene cluster. Human β-defensins (hBDs) are important molecules of innate immunity. This(More)