Nagui M. Antoun

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Recent work has suggested an association between the orbitofrontal cortex in humans and practical decision making. The aim of this study was to investigate the profile of cognitive deficits, with particular emphasis on decision-making processes, following damage to different sectors of the human prefrontal cortex. Patients with discrete orbitofrontal (OBF)(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize and quantify the patterns of temporal lobe atrophy in AD vs semantic dementia and to relate the findings to the cognitive profiles. Medial temporal lobe atrophy is well described in AD. In temporal variant frontotemporal dementia (semantic dementia), clinical studies suggest polar and inferolateral temporal atrophy with hippocampal(More)
Huntington's disease can particularly affect people's recognition of disgust from facial expressions, and functional neuroimaging research has demonstrated that facial expressions of disgust consistently engage different brain areas (insula and putamen) than other facial expressions. However, it is not known whether these particular brain areas process only(More)
Lesions to prefrontal cortex (PFC) in humans can severely disrupt everyday decision-making, with concomitant effects on social and occupational functioning. Forty-six patients with unilateral lesions to prefrontal cortex and 21 healthy control subjects were administered three neuropsychological measures of decision-making: the Iowa Gambling Task, the(More)
V.H., a 68-year-old right-handed woman, presented with a progressive deterioration in her ability to recognize faces of familiar people, including friends and relatives. Neuropsychological testing on two occasions separated by 9 months indicated no deterioration in general intellectual ability from estimates of her pre-morbid IQ (in the high average range),(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerotic plaque rupture is usually a consequence of inflammatory cell activity within the plaque. Current imaging techniques provide anatomic data but no indication of plaque inflammation. The glucose analogue [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (18FDG) can be used to image inflammatory cell activity non-invasively by PET. In this study we tested(More)
Many tests of specific 'executive functions' show deficits after frontal lobe lesions. These deficits appear on a background of reduced fluid intelligence, best measured with tests of novel problem solving. For a range of specific executive tests, we ask how far frontal deficits can be explained by a general fluid intelligence loss. For some widely used(More)
OBJECTIVES Temporal lobe atrophy as assessed by MRI can be measured in several ways. Volumetric measurements are quantitative but very time consuming and require extensive training to perform, so are not easily transferable to clinical practice. Visual rating scales, by contrast, are quick and widely applicable. Although medial temporal lobe atrophy is well(More)
CONTEXT Attainment of safe GH and IGF-1 levels is a central goal of acromegaly management. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which reductions in GH and IGF-1 concentrations correlate with amelioration of radiological, metabolic, vascular, cardiac, and respiratory sequelae in a single unselected patient cohort. STUDY DESIGN(More)
AIM To determine whether diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of brain tumours can demonstrate abnormalities distal to hyperintensities on T2-weighted images, and possibly relate these to tumour grade. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty patients with histologically confirmed supratentorial tumours, both gliomas (high and low grade) and metastases, were imaged at 3T(More)