Learn More
BACKGROUND IL28B single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) play important roles in the management of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections and are strongly associated with spontaneous and treatment-induced HCV clearance. OBJECTIVES In the present study, the association between IL28B variants and the progression of HCV infection in Egyptian patients infected(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic fibrosis is an inclusion indicator for treatment and a major independent predictor of treatment response in patients with chronic hepatitis C. Liver biopsy, considered as the "gold standard" for evaluating liver fibrosis, has carried some drawbacks. Currently used noninvasive predictors of fibrosis are considered less accurate than liver(More)
BACKGROUND Liver disease progression from chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is associated with an imbalance between T-helper 1 and T-helper 2 cytokines. Evaluation of cytokines as possible candidate biomarkers for prediction of HCC was performed using soluble Fas(sFas), soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor-II(More)
Using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis, we examined the replication mode of the centromere region (homologous counterpart) and the aneuploidy level of chromosome 17 in the interphase nuclei of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated peripheral blood lymphocytes from (1) patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); (2) patients with liver(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a ubiquitous pathogen that infects the majority of humans. Co-infection of CMV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) may deteriorate the prognosis of HCV-infected patients. This study was conducted to examine the role of CMV reactivation in determining the response rate to treatment with interferon and ribavirin therapy in(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in DNA methylation patterns are believed to be early events in hepatocarcinogenesis. A better understanding of methylation states and how they correlate with disease progression will aid in finding potential strategies for early detection of HCC. The aim of our study was to analyze the methylation frequency of tumor suppressor genes, P14,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients with persistently normal transaminases represent a subgroup of patients with mild, slowly progressive disease, natural history, and optimal management of these patients needs to be investigated in Egypt. Our aim is to assess the severity of hepatic fibrosis and response to therapy in a cohort(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) frequently results in a persistent infection, suggesting that it has evolved efficient mechanism(s) for blocking the host cell's innate antiviral response. The immune response to virus infection results in activation or direct induction of the interferon regulatory factors (IRFs), which are a family of(More)
INTRODUCTION Decision-tree analysis; a core component of data mining analysis can build predictive models for the therapeutic outcome to antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients. AIM To develop a prediction model for the end virological response (ETR) to pegylated interferon PEG-IFN plus ribavirin (RBV) therapy in chronic HCV patients(More)
BACKGROUND In Egypt, chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection occurs in around 10% of the population (about 8 million individuals), and is a leading cause of liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and mortality. Although HCV genotype 4 constitutes about 20% of HCV infections worldwide, the prevalence in Egypt is more than 90%. We assessed the efficacy(More)