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Paraffin (known in some Western countries as kerosene) ingestion is the most common form of acute childhood poisoning in most developing countries. South African black communities reflect a similar pattern, yet the true size and cost of the problem are not known. Without such baseline data the effect of interventions cannot be evaluated. The aim of the(More)
AIM To determine the visual outcomes in adult patients who sustained open globe injuries and to determine whether the visual prognosis following an eye injury in an African setting differs from the predicted outcomes according to the Ocular Trauma Score (OTS) study. A secondary aim was to establish the evisceration rate for these injuries and assess how(More)
INTRODUCTION The Red Cross Children's Hospital is the only children's hospital in South Africa. It has a dedicated trauma unit for all children under the age of 13 and serves a population of approximately 2 million inhabitants. As part of the Child Accident Prevention Foundation program we have kept a database of all children treated for trauma in our(More)
A 24-year-old black female (HIV-positive) was referred to our clinic with a 4-week history of an ulcerative lesion of the right upper and lower eyelids. She was on treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis and had been admitted to a secondary level hospital. She had no other ocular symptoms or signs. A tissue biopsy of the lesion revealed multinucleate squamous(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of sympathetic ophthalmia following evisceration for penetrating eye injuries and to assess whether evisceration is safe in this setting. METHODS Data were obtained retrospectively from patients who were admitted to a tertiary hospital following penetrating ocular trauma over a 10-year(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Most post-traumatic acute infectious endophthalmitis occur within a week of open globe trauma, necessitating early antibiotic prophylaxis. There are few randomised studies that demonstrate the benefits of prophylactic antibiotics. This randomised controlled non-inferiority trial was aimed at determining the incidence of post-traumatic(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the usefulness of visual field testing in the diagnosis and subsequent management of glaucoma in a specialist glaucoma clinic at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS A retrospective case note review of 344 patients who attended the glaucoma clinic between January and June 2010. RESULTS The study population(More)