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Actin belongs to the most abundant proteins in eukaryotic cells which harbor usually many conventional actin isoforms as well as actin-related proteins (Arps). To get an overview over the sometimes confusing multitude of actins and Arps, we analyzed the Dictyostelium discoideum actinome in detail and compared it with the genomes from other model organisms.(More)
Diaphanous-related formins (DRFs) are large multi-domain proteins that nucleate and assemble linear actin filaments. Binding of active Rho family proteins to the GTPase-binding domain (GBD) triggers localization at the membrane and the activation of most formins if not all. In recent years GTPase regulation of formins has been extensively studied, but other(More)
In migrating fibroblasts, RhoA and its effector mDia1 regulate the selective stabilization of microtubules (MTs) polarized in the direction of migration. The conserved formin homology 2 domain of mDia1 is involved both in actin polymerization and MT stabilization, and the relationship between these two activities is unknown. We found that latrunculin A(More)
Ste20-like kinases constitute a ubiquitous and expanding group of serine/threonine kinases, homologous to Ste20 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum contains at least 17 members of this kinase family, 13 from the germinal center kinase (GCK) subgroup and 4 p21-activated kinases (PAK). Here, we describe the kinase Krs1(More)
Selectively stabilized microtubules (MTs) form in the lamella of fibroblasts and contribute to cell migration. A Rho-mDia-EB1 pathway regulates the formation of stable MTs, yet how selective stabilization of MTs is achieved is unknown. Kinesin activity has been implicated in selective MT stabilization and a number of kinesins regulate MT dynamics both in(More)
Cell migration is driven by the establishment of disparity between the cortical properties of the softer front and the more rigid rear allowing front extension and actomyosin-based rear contraction. However, how the cortical actin meshwork in the rear is generated remains elusive. Here we identify the mDia1-like formin A (ForA) from Dictyostelium discoideum(More)
Multiple formins regulate microtubule (MT) arrays, but whether they function individually or in a common pathway is unknown. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) stimulates the formation of stabilized detyrosinated MTs (Glu MTs) in NIH3T3 fibroblasts through RhoA and the formin mDia1. Here we show that another formin, INF2, is necessary for mDia1-mediated induction(More)
(2007) ForA is a Diaphanous-related formin required for directed cell motility in Dictyostelium discoideum. The American Society for Cell Biology, Dijon, France, Dynamic interplay between cytoskeletal and membrane systems, Abstract: 17. (2008) The actinome of Dictyostelium discoideum in comparison to actins and actin-related protein from other organisms.(More)
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