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INTRODUCTION Among all prognostic factors, "margin status" is the only factor under clinician's control. Current guidelines describe histopathologic margin of >5 mm as "clear margin" and 1-5 mm as "close margin." Ambiguous description of positive margin in the published data resulted in comparison of microscopically "involved margin" and "close margin"(More)
Verrucous carcinoma (VC) is an uncommon variant of squamous cell carcinoma characterized by proliferative outgrowing clinical appearance of the tumor, Incidence of VC is 2-12 % among oral cancers, the true incidence of VC can be accessed only from surgically treated cases since thorough processing of the entire tumor is necessary for accurate diagnosis,(More)
INTRODUCTION Studies have reported 20 % of conventional squamous cell carcinoma in patients with verrucous carcinoma (VC), later these cancers were termed as hybrid VC. It is important to distinguish both while planning treatment since hybrid VC requires addressing regional lymphatics in addition to respective surgery. Information on odds of missing the(More)
The critical tumor depth at which the risk of occult metastasis increases in tongue cancer has been demonstrated as ≥4-5 mm. Conventional T staging might not be an accurate predictor for survival in situations wherein infiltrative growth pattern is easily overlooked. Thus risk of death associated with increase in tumor depth per millimeter might be useful(More)
Operative assessment of the resection margins by frozen section is routine in many hospitals, but the usefulness of the technique relies on its sensitivity, specificity, sampling errors, and errors associated with relocation of involved margins. Its usefulness is indicated by assessment of overall survival and locoregional recurrence in patients whose(More)
OBJECTIVE Carcinoma of tongue is associated with a high risk of occult metastasis and mortality despite early-stage detection and therapy; the critical tumor thickness at which this risk increases has been demonstrated as 4 mm or greater. There are no sufficient data in the published literature to evaluate the role of postoperative radiation therapy (PORT)(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate the significance of mild and moderate dysplasia at the surgical margin with regard to survival and locoregional recurrence. STUDY DESIGN We investigated cases of primary oral squamous cell carcinoma with negative margins retrospectively from the database of a tertiary cancer hospital. All patients(More)
Complex anatomy of oral cavity makes it difficult for a surgeon to assess margins of oral cancer accurately and positive margins compromise loco regional disease control, thus surgeon may rely on frozen section assessment for marginal status. We discussed the prognostic value of frozen section in early carcinoma of oral cavity. 90 patients with pT1 and pT2(More)
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