Nagarathnamma Chaudhry

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Capsaicin and analogues are valuable analgesic agents when administered to mammals, including humans. However, their pungency and the effects on the cardiovascular and respiratory systems through their general activation of small calibre (nociceptive) primary afferents severely limit their use. Recently, structure activity analysis revealed that the initial(More)
Numerous studies in the last two decades have resulted in significant progress in our understanding of the role of inhibitors on axonal regeneration and conditions that influence mature neurons to regrow in an inhibitory environment. These studies have revealed putative therapeutic targets and strategies to interfere in the inhibitory signaling cascade and(More)
After CNS injury, axonal regeneration is limited by myelin-associated inhibitors; however, this can be overcome through elevation of intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP), as occurs with conditioning lesions of the sciatic nerve. This study reports that expression of secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) is strongly upregulated in response to elevation of(More)
Lesioning the peripheral branch of a dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neuron before injury of the central branch of the same neuron enables spontaneous regeneration of these spinal axons. This effect is cAMP and transcription dependent. Here, we show that the cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) is upregulated in DRG neurons after either a conditioning lesion or(More)
To re-establish neuronal circuits lost after CNS injury, transplanted neurons must be able to extend axons toward their appropriate targets. Such growth is highly restricted within the adult CNS attributable to the expression of inhibitory molecules and general lack of guidance cues to direct axon growth. This environment typically induces random patterns(More)
Axonal regeneration in the central nervous system is prevented, in part, by inhibitory proteins expressed by myelin, including myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG). Although injury to the corticospinal tract can result in permanent disability, little is known regarding the mechanisms by which MAG affects cortical neurons. Here, we demonstrate that cortical(More)
Overexpression of nerve growth factor (NGF) using adenoviruses (Adts) after spinal cord injury induces extensive regeneration and sprouting of calcitonin-gene-related peptide immunoreactive (CGRP-IR) fibers, whereas overexpression of cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) has no effect on the normal distribution of these fibers. Interestingly, co-expression of cell(More)
Remyelination of CNS axons by Schwann cells (SCs) is not efficient, in part due to the poor migration of SCs into the adult CNS. Although it is known that migrating SCs avoid white matter tracts, the molecular mechanisms underlying this exclusion have never been elucidated. We now demonstrate that myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), a well known inhibitor(More)
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