Nagaja Capitani

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Pathogenic strains of Bacillus anthracis produce two potent toxins, lethal toxin (LT), a metalloprotease that cleaves mitogen-activated protein kinase kinases, and oedema toxin (ET), a calcium/calmodulin-dependent adenylate cyclase. Emerging evidence indicates a role for both toxins in suppressing the initiation of both innate and adaptive immune responses,(More)
The adjuvanticity of bacterial adenylate cyclase toxins has been ascribed to their capacity, largely mediated by cAMP, to modulate APC activation, resulting in the expression of Th2-driving cytokines. On the other hand, cAMP has been demonstrated to induce a Th2 bias when present during T cell priming, suggesting that bacterial cAMP elevating toxins may(More)
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a primary immune disorder characterized by impaired antibody production, which is in many instances secondary to defective T cell function (T-CVID). We previously identified a subset of T-CVID patients characterized by defective expression of Vav1, a guanine nucleotide exchanger which couples the T-cell antigen(More)
BAFF is a crucial cytokine that affects the activity of both innate and adaptive immune cells. It promotes the expansion of Th17 cells in autoimmune disorders. With this study, we investigated the BAFF/Th17 responses in Helicobacter pylori-induced gastritis in humans. Our results show that the mucosa from Helicobacter(+) patients with chronic gastritis is(More)
Glycerophosphoinositols (GPIs) are water-soluble phosphoinosite metabolites produced by all cell types, whose levels increase in response to a variety of extracellular stimuli, and are particularly high in Ras-transformed cells. GPIs are released to the extracellular space, wherefrom they can be taken up by other cells through a specific transporter.(More)
p66Shc plays a key role in oxidative stress-induced apoptosis. p66Shc gene expression is tissue-specific and controlled by promoter methylation. In T-cells p66Shc expression is induced by a variety of apoptotic stimuli. We have addressed the mechanisms regulating p66Shc expression in T-cells. We show that the increase in p66Shc protein following stimulation(More)
p66Shc attenuates mitogenic, prosurvival and chemotactic signaling and promotes apoptosis in lymphocytes. Consistently, p66Shc deficiency contributes to the survival and trafficking abnormalities of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) B cells. The mechanism of p66shc silencing in CLL B cells is methylation-independent, at variance with other cancer cell(More)
Intrinsic apoptosis defects underlie to a large extent the extended survival of malignant B cells in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Here, we show that the Shc family adapter p66Shc uncouples the B-cell receptor (BCR) from the Erkand Akt-dependent survival pathways, thereby enhancing B-cell apoptosis. p66Shc expression was found to be profoundly(More)
Intrinsic apoptosis defects underlie to a large extent the extended survival of malignant B cells in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Here, we show that the Shc family adapter p66Shc uncouples the B-cell receptor (BCR) from the Erk- and Akt-dependent survival pathways, thereby enhancing B-cell apoptosis. p66Shc expression was found to be profoundly(More)
1Department of Evolutionary Biology and 2Istituto Toscano Tumori, University of Siena, Siena, Italy; 3Venetian Institute of Molecular Medicine, Centro di Eccellenza per la Ricerca Biomedica, Padua, Italy; 4Department of Medicine, Hematology and Clinical Immunology Branch, Padua University School of Medicine, Padua, Italy; 5Department of Molecular Oncology,(More)