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BACKGROUND Our systematic review and meta-analysis of the benefit of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) in improving glycemic control in type 2 diabetes was published in 2008. With the few studies that have emerged afterward, we undertook subsequent meta-analysis of the available evidence to update the results. METHODS Clinical trials of SMBG were(More)
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE Chromium is an essential mineral for carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Results of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses of chromium supplementation and metabolic profiles in diabetes have been inconsistent. Recently, several published trials have emerged. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the(More)
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE Lowering haemoglobin A(₁c) (HbA(₁c)) has clearly been shown to reduce microvascular complications of diabetes and possibly macrovascular disease and vitamin E has been suggested as a possibly useful intervention. Our aim is to evaluate the effect of vitamin E supplementation on glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of antiretroviral therapies in reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection. METHODS Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Clinical trials of antiretrovirals were identified through electronic searches (MEDLINE, EMBASE, BIOSIS, EBM review and the Cochrane Library) up(More)
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that necessitates continuing treatment and patient self-care education. Monitoring of blood glucose to near normal level without hypoglycemia becomes a challenge in the management of diabetes. Although self monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) can provide daily monitoring of blood glucose level and help to adjust(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and safety of treating pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus in comparison to usual antenatal care. METHODS A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted by including randomized controlled trials comparing any form of therapeutic intervention in comparison to usual antenatal care. A literature search was(More)
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE Telmisartan is an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) originally developed for the treatment of hypertension. It can also partially activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ, which may improve insulin sensitivity. This effect may prove useful in hypertensive patients with insulin resistance or diabetes mellitus.(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE A variety of herbs has been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of diabetes. However, evidence is limited regarding the efficacy of individual herbs for glycemic control. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of herbal supplement on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS(More)
BACKGROUND Telephone-delivered intervention can provide many supports in diabetes self-management to improve glycemic control. Several trials showed that telephone intervention was positively associated with glycemic outcomes in diabetes. The objective of this meta-analysis was to assess the impact of telephone contact intervention (intervention group) on(More)
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE CoenzymeQ10 (CoQ10 ), or ubiquinone, is an endogenous enzyme cofactor produced by most human cells. It is a potent antioxidant and is necessary for energy production in mitochondria. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease with multiple metabolic abnormalities, principally resulting from the inflammation and oxidative stress(More)