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Ypt-Rab GTPases are key regulators of the various steps of intracellular trafficking. Guanine nucleotide-exchange factors (GEFs) regulate the conversion of Ypt-Rabs to the GTP-bound state, in which they interact with effectors that mediate all the known aspects of vesicular transport. An interesting possibility is that Ypt-Rabs coordinate separate steps of(More)
Selenocysteine incorporation in eukaryotes occurs cotranslationally at UGA codons via the interactions of RNA-protein complexes, one comprised of selenocysteyl (Sec)-tRNA([Ser]Sec) and its specific elongation factor, EFsec, and another consisting of the SECIS element and SECIS binding protein, SBP2. Other factors implicated in this pathway include two(More)
The recently cloned vanilloid receptor subtype 1 (VR1) is a ligand-gated channel that is activated by capsaicin, protons, and heat. We have attempted to develop a dominant negative isoform by targeting several mutations of VR1 at highly conserved amino acids or at residues of potential functional importance and expressing the mutants in Chinese hamster(More)
The conserved modular-complex TRAPP is a nucleotide exchanger, GEF, for the yeast Golgi Ypt-GTPase gatekeepers. TRAPPI and TRAPPII share seven subunits and act as GEFs for Ypt1 and Ypt31/32, respectively, which in turn regulate transport into and out of the Golgi. Trs65/Kre11 is one of three TRAPPII-specific subunits. Unlike the other two subunits, Trs120(More)
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