Nadja Mannowetz

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The female steroid hormone progesterone regulates ovulation and supports pregnancy, but also controls human sperm function within the female reproductive tract. Progesterone causes elevation of sperm intracellular Ca(2+) leading to sperm hyperactivation, acrosome reaction, and perhaps chemotaxis toward the egg. Although it has been suggested that(More)
Steroids regulate cell proliferation, tissue development, and cell signaling via two pathways: a nuclear receptor mechanism and genome-independent signaling. Sperm activation, egg maturation, and steroid-induced anesthesia are executed via the latter pathway, the key components of which remain unknown. Here, we present characterization of the human sperm(More)
Mammalian spermatozoa gain competence to fertilize an oocyte as they travel through the female reproductive tract. This process is accompanied by an elevation of sperm intracellular calcium and a membrane hyperpolarization. The latter is evoked by K(+) efflux; however, the molecular identity of the potassium channel of human spermatozoa (hKSper) is unknown.(More)
An increasingly exploited strategy for the isolation of stem cells is based on the increased efflux of Hoechst 33342 lipophilic dye mediated by ABCG2, an ATP-binding cassette transporter which is highly expressed in various stem cells. We found ABCG2 expression to be present at later stages of spermatogenesis. Western blot analysis using an anti-ABCG2(More)
Protein kinase CK2 is an ubiquitously expressed enzyme that is absolutely necessary for the survival of cells. Besides the holoenzyme consisting of the regulatory β-subunit and the catalytic α- or α′-subunit, the subunits exist in separate forms. The subunits bind to a number of other cellular proteins. We show the expression of individual subunits as well(More)
HCO(3) (-) is the signal for early activation of sperm motility. In vivo, this occurs when sperm come into contact with the HCO(3) (-) containing fluids in the reproductive tract. The activated motility enables sperm to travel the long distance to the ovum. In spermatozoa HCO(3) (-) stimulates the atypical sperm adenylyl cyclase (sAC) to promote the(More)
HCO3 (-) is a key factor in the regulation of sperm motility. High concentrations of HCO3 (-) in the female genital tract induce an increase in sperm beat frequency, which speeds progress of the sperm through the female reproductive tract. Carbonic anhydrases (CA), which catalyze the reversible hydration of CO2 to HCO3 (-), represent potential candidates in(More)
Sperm deposited in the female genital tract receive signals for capacitation. Past work indicates that HCO(3) (-) is the initiating signal that the female reproductive tract contains the HCO(3) (-) -permeant anion channel cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and that mutations in CFTR cause subfertility in both sexes. In this study, we(More)
Lactate is provided to spermatogenic cells by Sertoli cells as an energy substrate and its transport is regulated by H(+)-monocarboxylate co-transporters (MCTs). In the case of several cell types it is known that MCT1 is associated with basigin and MCT2 with embigin. Here we demonstrate co-localization and co-immunoprecipitation of basigin with both MCT1(More)
BACKGROUND Growth properties of the prostate are regulated by a variety of hormones and growth factors. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is characterized by abnormal epithelial and stromal proliferation. Varying androgen hormone levels in elderly men are correlated with abnormal proliferations of the prostate. Proteinase-activated receptor-2 (PAR2), a(More)