Nadja Heiniger

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BACKGROUND Studies about transmission rates of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae in hospitals and households are scarce. METHODS Eighty-two index patients with new carriage of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-Ec; n = 72) or ESBL-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (ESBL-Kp; n = 10) and their hospital (n = 112) and(More)
BACKGROUND Early exposure of infants and long-term immunity suggest that colonization with Moraxella catarrhalis is more frequent than is determined by routine culture. We characterized a reservoir of M. catarrhalis in pharyngeal lymphoid tissue. METHODS Tissue from 40 patients (median age, 7.1 years) undergoing elective tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy(More)
BACKGROUND Moraxella catarrhalis is an important cause of otitis media. A number of candidate antigens for a future infant otitis media vaccine have been identified, but their mucosal immunogenicity induced by nasopharyngeal M. catarrhalis colonization has not been characterized. The aim of this study was to determine the salivary IgA response to M.(More)
Moraxella catarrhalis is a major mucosal pathogen of the human respiratory tract, but the mucosal immune response directed against surface components of this organism has not been characterized in detail. The aim of this study was to investigate the salivary immunoglobulin A (IgA) response toward outer membrane proteins (OMP) of M. catarrhalis in healthy(More)
The outer membrane proteins UspA1 and UspA2 are candidate antigens for a Moraxella catarrhalis vaccine. We previously reported that 103 of 108 isolates (95%) from young children expressed UspA1 detected by reactivity with the monoclonal antibody mAb24B5. The aim of the present study was to investigate mechanisms controlling UspA1 expression by analysis of(More)
Colonization of the human nasopharynx exposes Moraxella catarrhalis, a common cause of otitis media in children and exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in adults, to sudden downshifts in temperature, occurring when the host breathes cold air. We investigated whether in vitro cold shock influences the expressions of the outer membrane(More)
BACKGROUND The outer membrane protein M35 is a conserved porin of type 1 strains of the respiratory pathogen Moraxella catarrhalis. It was previously shown that M35 is involved in the uptake of essential nutrients required for bacterial growth and for nasal colonization in mice. The aim of this study was (i) to characterize the potential roles of M35 in the(More)
Invasion of non-professional phagocytes is a strategy employed by several mucosal pathogens, but has not been investigated in detail for Moraxella catarrhalis, a major cause of human respiratory tract infections. We investigated the role of outer membrane protein (OMP) UspA1 and lipooligosaccharide (LOS) in M. catarrhalis invasion into epithelial cells. An(More)
The human respiratory tract pathogen Moraxella catarrhalis is a naturally competent microorganism. However, electrotransformation has long been used to introduce foreign DNA into this organism. This study demonstrated that electrotransformants obtained with linear or circular nonreplicating plasmid DNA originated exclusively from natural transformation(More)
Bartonella henselae is an emerging bacterial pathogen causing cat-scratch disease and potentially fatal bacillary angiomatosis in humans. Bacteremic cats constitute a large reservoir for human infection. Although feline vaccination is a potential strategy to prevent human infection, selection of appropriate B. henselae strains is critical for successful(More)
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