Nadine S. Sauter

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OBJECTIVE Type 2 diabetes is characterized by impaired insulin secretion in response to increased metabolic demand. This defect in beta-cell compensation seems to result from the interplay between environmental factors and genetic predisposition. Genome-wide association studies reveal that common variants in transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) are(More)
Subclinical inflammation is a recently discovered phenomenon in type 2 diabetes. Elevated cytokines impair beta-cell function and survival. A recent clinical trial shows that blocking IL-1beta signaling by IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) improves beta-cell secretory function in patients with type 2 diabetes. In the present study, we provide further(More)
We previously demonstrated that the transcription factor Pax4 is important for beta-cell replication and survival in rat islets. Herein, we investigate Pax4 expression in islets of non-diabetic and diabetic donors, its regulation by mitogens, glucose and the incretin GLP-1 and evaluate its effect on human islet proliferation. Pax4 expression was increased(More)
The role of the immune system is to restore functionality in response to stress. Increasing evidence shows that this function is not limited to insults by infection or injury and plays a role in response to overnutrition. Initially, this metabolic activation of the immune system is a physiological response, but it may become deleterious with time.(More)
In type 1 and type 2 diabetes (T1/T2DM), beta cell destruction by apoptosis results in decreased beta cell mass and progression of the disease. In this study, we found that the interferon gamma-inducible protein 10 plays an important role in triggering beta cell destruction. Islets isolated from patients with T2DM secreted CXCL10 and contained 33.5-fold(More)
p300 and CBP are large nuclear acetyltransferases exhibiting a complex multi-domain structure. Mouse embryos nullizygous for either p300 or Cbp die at midgestation, while heterozygotes are viable but in part display defects in neurulation or bone morphogenesis. To directly examine the contribution of the acetyltransferase (AT) activity to mouse development,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) induces production of interleukin 6 (IL6) by adipocytes. IL6 increases production of glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 by L cells and α cells, leading to secretion of insulin from β cells. We investigated whether GIP regulates GLP1 and glycemia via IL6. METHODS We obtained samples of human(More)
Obesity-related insulin resistance is linked to a chronic state of systemic and adipose tissue-derived inflammation. Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) is an incretin hormone also acting on adipocytes. We investigated whether GIP affects inflammation, lipolysis, and insulin resistance in human adipocytes. Human subcutaneous(More)
Chronic hyperglycaemia promotes the progressive failure of pancreatic beta cells in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, a clinically highly relevant phenomenon known as glucotoxicity. The intracellular metabolic consequences of a chronically high availability of glucose in beta cells are, as yet, poorly understood in its full complexity. An unbiased(More)
In obesity, beta cells activate compensatory mechanisms to adapt to the higher insulin demand. Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) prevents obesity-induced hyperglycaemia and is a potent target for the treatment of diabetes, but the mechanisms of its secretion and regulation in obesity are unknown. In the present study, we hypothesise the regulation(More)