Nadine Nippe

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The Staphylococcus aureus pore-forming toxin PVL is most likely causative for life-threatening necrotizing infections, which are characterized by massive tissue inflammation and necrosis. Whereas the cytotoxic action of PVL on human neutrophils is already well established, the PVL effects on other sensitive cell types, such as monocytes and macrophages, are(More)
PURPOSE To explore the feasibility of tracking thulium (Tm)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-α,α',α'',α'''-tetramethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTMA)-labeled cells in vivo by means of highly shifted proton magnetic resonance (MR) imaging as a potential alternative to established cell-tracking methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS All animal experiments were(More)
Glucocorticoids (GC) are the most widely used immunosuppressive agents in clinical medicine. Recently we showed that GC enhance survival of human monocytes and induce a specific anti-inflammatory monocyte subtype which actively induces resolution of inflammation. We now investigated if cytokines IL-4, IL-6 and IL-10, which, like GC, have mostly(More)
Different non-invasive real-time imaging techniques have been developed over the last decades to study bacterial pathogenic mechanisms in mouse models by following infections over a time course. In vivo investigations of bacterial infections previously relied mostly on bioluminescence imaging (BLI), which is able to localize metabolically active bacteria,(More)
OBJECTIVE Monosodium urate monohydrate (MSU) crystal-induced interleukin-1β (IL-1β) secretion is a critical factor in the pathogenesis of gout. However, without costimulation by a proIL-1β-inducing factor, MSU crystals alone are insufficient to induce IL-1β secretion. The responsible costimulatory factors that act as a priming endogenous signal in vivo are(More)
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are used as first-line therapies for generalized suppression of inflammation (e.g., allergies or autoimmune diseases), but their long-term use is limited by severe side effects. Our previous work revealed that GCs induced a stable anti-inflammatory phenotype in monocytes, the GC-stimulated monocytes (GCsMs) that we exploited for(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is the leading cause of bacterial skin infection. Once it overcomes the epithelial barrier, it either remains locally controlled or spreads in the dermis causing soft tissue infection. These different courses depend not only on its virulence factors, but also on the immune response of the infected individual. The goal of this study was(More)
The beta(2) integrins are important for both transendothelial migration of leukocytes and T-cell activation during antigen presentation. In T cells, triggering of leukocyte functional antigen-1 (LFA-1) is required for full activation and T-helper (Th)1/Th2 differentiation. We used CD18-deficient (CD18(-/-)) mice to examine the role of LFA-1 in the(More)
Experimental leishmaniasis is an excellent model system for analyzing Th1/Th2 differentiation. Resistance to Leishmania (L.) major depends on the development of a L. major specific Th1 response, while Th2 differentiation results in susceptibility. There is growing evidence that the microenvironment of the early affected tissue delivers the initial triggers(More)
Carbon metabolism and virulence determinant production are often linked in pathogenic bacteria, and several regulatory elements have been reported to mediate this linkage in Staphylococcus aureus. Previously, we described a novel protein, catabolite control protein E (CcpE) that functions as a regulator of the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Here we demonstrate(More)