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Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) is a dominantly inherited disorder characterized by the occurrence of bilateral vestibular schwannomas and other central nervous system tumors including multiple meningiomas. Genetic linkage studies and investigations of both sporadic and familial tumors suggest that NF2 is caused by inactivation of a tumor suppressor gene in(More)
BACKGROUND Tinnitus seems to be associated with psychophysiological over-activation (e.g., of head and shoulder muscles). Therefore we aimed to develop and evaluate a new intervention program including a psychophysiological approach. METHODS Forty-three tinnitus sufferers were randomized to 2 groups, one receiving a psychophysiologically oriented(More)
Transcriptional activation of target genes represents an important component of the tumour-suppressor function of p53 and provides a functional link between p53 and various growth-regulatory processes, including cell cycle progression (p21/WAF1), DNA repair (GADD45) and apoptosis (bax). Here we use a differential cloning approach to identify the gene(More)
The insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) is involved in tumorigenesis. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the IGF-IR is a physiological target for p53 in osteosarcoma cells. The p53-induced regulation of IGF-IR levels was studied in a tetracycline-regulated expression system. When expressed in Saos-2, osteosarcoma cells that(More)
OBJECTIVE Concerns about environmental and technological changes affecting health have been shown to be associated with symptom reports in cross-sectional studies. We aimed to investigate how worries about modernity affecting health, negative affectivity, and prior symptom complaints influence health complaints after environmental spraying in a prospective(More)
Acute stress promotes the secretion of prolactin (PRL) and of proopiomelanocortin (POMC)-derived peptides, adrenocorticotropic hormone and beta-endorphin, from the pituitary into the systemic circulation. The present study evaluates the influence of recurrent stress upon the biosynthetic activity of cells secreting these hormones in the rat. Chronic,(More)
The inhibitory action of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) on prolactin (PRL) messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) levels was studied in vitro in rat anterior pituitary cells in culture and in intact rats in vivo. PRL mRNA levels were determined by hybridization of cytoplasmic RNA with a radiolabelled deoxyribonucleic acid probe complementary to rat PRL mRNA.(More)
Concentrations of mRNA coding for the opioid peptide precursor proenkephalin A were measured in bovine brain areas, pituitary and adrenal medulla. In all tissues, a single hybridizable species of 1400 bases in size was found by Northern blot analysis using as a probe a single-stranded (ss) cDNA complementary to bovine proenkephalin A mRNA. In solution(More)
The involvement of Na+ and Ca2+ channels in the stimulatory effect of nicotine and cAMP upon proenkephalin A mRNA (mRNA ENK) levels in primary cultures of bovine adrenal chromaffin cells was analyzed. Nicotine (10 microM) caused about a 2-3-fold increase in mRNA ENK which was abolished by the nicotinic receptor antagonist tubocurarine (4 X 10(-7) M),(More)
The GABAergic regulation of proopiomelanocortin messenger RNA (POMC mRNA) levels in rat pituitary was investigated using molecular hybridization of DNA complementary to POMC mRNA. Endogenous GABA levels increased, in vivo, by inhibiting the GABA catabolic enzyme GABA-transaminase (GAT) with ethalonamine-O-sulfate (EOS) or with vinyl-GABA (VG). Rats were(More)