Learn More
Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) is a dominantly inherited disorder characterized by the occurrence of bilateral vestibular schwannomas and other central nervous system tumors including multiple meningiomas. Genetic linkage studies and investigations of both sporadic and familial tumors suggest that NF2 is caused by inactivation of a tumor suppressor gene in(More)
Exposure of mammalian cells to hypoxia, radiation and certain chemotherapeutic agents promotes cell cycle arrest and/or apoptosis. Activation of p53 responsive genes is believed to play an important role in mediating such responses. In this study we identified a novel gene, PA26, which maps to chromosome 6q21 and encodes at least three transcript isoforms,(More)
Heterotrimeric G proteins transduce multiple growth-factor-receptor-initiated and intracellular signals that may lead to activation of the mitogen-activated or stress-activated protein kinases. Herein we report on the identification of a novel p53 target gene (A28-RGS14) that is induced in response to genotoxic stress and encodes a novel member of a family(More)
Mutations in the p53 gene are the most common genetic alterations observed in many inherited and sporadic forms of human cancer. Recent studies indicate that wild-type p53 may be involved in the regulation of gene expression. In the present report we examined the effect of p53 on the human c-fos promoter. Using a transient co-transfection assay we show that(More)
The ability of the p53 protein to act as a sequence-specific transcriptional activator suggests that genes induced by p53 may encode critical mediators of p53 tumor suppression. Using a tetracycline-regulated p53 expression system and cDNA library subtraction procedure, we identified several p53-induced gene transcripts in human Saos-2 osteosarcoma cells(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor protein is a transcription factor with sequence-specific DNA binding activity that is thought to be important for the growth-inhibitory function of p53. DNA binding appears to require activation of a cryptic form of p53 by allosteric mechanisms involving a negative regulatory domain at the carboxyl terminus of p53. The latent form(More)
BACKGROUND Tinnitus seems to be associated with psychophysiological over-activation (e.g., of head and shoulder muscles). Therefore we aimed to develop and evaluate a new intervention program including a psychophysiological approach. METHODS Forty-three tinnitus sufferers were randomized to 2 groups, one receiving a psychophysiologically oriented(More)
The VHL tumor suppressor gene has previously been reported to encode a protein of 213 amino acid residues. Here we report the identification of a second major VHL gene product with an apparent molecular weight of 18 kD, pVHL18, which appears to arise from alternate translation initiation at a second AUG codon (codon 54) within the VHL open reading frame. In(More)
Concentrations of proenkephalin B (PENK B) mRNA in porcine brain, pituitary, spinal cord, and peripheral tissues were measured using RNA blotting and solution hybridization. A single hybridizing species of approximately 2,800 bases in size was present in the CNS, with the highest concentration in the caudate nucleus, followed by hypothalamus and(More)
Transcriptional activation of target genes represents an important component of the tumour-suppressor function of p53 and provides a functional link between p53 and various growth-regulatory processes, including cell cycle progression (p21/WAF1), DNA repair (GADD45) and apoptosis (bax). Here we use a differential cloning approach to identify the gene(More)