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UNLABELLED Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common malignancy worldwide, with a poor prognosis and limited therapeutic options. Therefore, the development of novel therapeutic strategies is of high priority. alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) is overexpressed in the majority of HCCs. Priming of immune responses against AFP results in significant(More)
UNLABELLED Human leukocyte antigen B27 (HLA-B27) is associated with protection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This protective role is linked to single immunodominant HLA-B27-restricted CD8+ T-cell epitopes in both infections. In order to define the relative contribution of a specific HLA-B27-restricted epitope(More)
UNLABELLED Human leukocyte antigen B27 is associated with spontaneous viral clearance in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Viral escape within the immunodominant, HLA-B27-restricted, HCV-specific, cluster of differentiation (CD)8(+) T-cell epitope, nonstructural protein (NS)5B(2841-2849) (ARMILMTHF), has been shown to be limited by viral fitness costs as(More)
The precise mechanisms responsible for the failure of intrahepatic hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific CD8+ T cells to control the virus during persistent infection have not been fully defined. We therefore studied the CD8+ T-cell response in 27 HLA-A2-positive patients using four previously well-defined HLA-A2-restricted HCV epitopes. The corresponding HCV(More)
UNLABELLED Virus-specific CD8+ T-cells play an important role in the outcome of acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In the chronic phase, however, HCV can persist despite the presence of virus-specific T-cell responses. Therefore, we set out to perform a full-breadth analysis of the intrahepatic virus-specific CD8+ T-cell response, its relation to the(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes chronic infection accompanied by a high risk of liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma. CD8+ T cell responses are important in the control of viremia. However, the T cell response in chronic infection is weak both in absolute numbers and in the range of epitopes targeted. In order to explore the biology of this(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Virus-specific CD8+ T cells are required for the control of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We investigated the extent to which different effector functions of CD8+ T cells contribute to the inhibition of viral replication. METHODS We developed a novel immunologic model by stably transducing the HLA-A2 gene into the replicon system,(More)
The differentiation and functional status of virus-specific CD8+ T cells is significantly influenced by specific and ongoing antigen recognition. Importantly, the expression profiles of the interleukin-7 receptor alpha chain (CD127) and the killer cell lectin-like receptor G1 (KLRG1) have been shown to be differentially influenced by repetitive T-cell(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies with a poor prognosis and limited therapeutic options that is often characterized by the expression of the tumor-associated antigen α-fetoprotein (AFP). CD4+ helper T cells are important in generating potent anticancer immunity as they prime and expand CD8+ T-cell memory and may also have(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Virus-specific CD4+ T cells play a major role in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Viral clearance is associated with vigorous and multispecific CD4+ T cell responses, while chronic infection has been shown to be associated with weak or absent T cell responses. Most of these studies, however, have used functional assays to analyse(More)