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UNLABELLED Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common malignancy worldwide, with a poor prognosis and limited therapeutic options. Therefore, the development of novel therapeutic strategies is of high priority. alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) is overexpressed in the majority of HCCs. Priming of immune responses against AFP results in significant(More)
The precise mechanisms responsible for the failure of intrahepatic hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific CD8+ T cells to control the virus during persistent infection have not been fully defined. We therefore studied the CD8+ T-cell response in 27 HLA-A2-positive patients using four previously well-defined HLA-A2-restricted HCV epitopes. The corresponding HCV(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes chronic infection accompanied by a high risk of liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma. CD8+ T cell responses are important in the control of viremia. However, the T cell response in chronic infection is weak both in absolute numbers and in the range of epitopes targeted. In order to explore the biology of this(More)
UNLABELLED Virus-specific CD8+ T-cells play an important role in the outcome of acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In the chronic phase, however, HCV can persist despite the presence of virus-specific T-cell responses. Therefore, we set out to perform a full-breadth analysis of the intrahepatic virus-specific CD8+ T-cell response, its relation to the(More)
UNLABELLED Human leukocyte antigen B27 (HLA-B27) is associated with protection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This protective role is linked to single immunodominant HLA-B27-restricted CD8+ T-cell epitopes in both infections. In order to define the relative contribution of a specific HLA-B27-restricted epitope(More)
UNLABELLED Human leukocyte antigen B27 is associated with spontaneous viral clearance in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Viral escape within the immunodominant, HLA-B27-restricted, HCV-specific, cluster of differentiation (CD)8(+) T-cell epitope, nonstructural protein (NS)5B(2841-2849) (ARMILMTHF), has been shown to be limited by viral fitness costs as(More)
The differentiation and functional status of virus-specific CD8+ T cells is significantly influenced by specific and ongoing antigen recognition. Importantly, the expression profiles of the interleukin-7 receptor alpha chain (CD127) and the killer cell lectin-like receptor G1 (KLRG1) have been shown to be differentially influenced by repetitive T-cell(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Virus-specific CD8+ T cells are required for the control of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We investigated the extent to which different effector functions of CD8+ T cells contribute to the inhibition of viral replication. METHODS We developed a novel immunologic model by stably transducing the HLA-A2 gene into the replicon system,(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies with a poor prognosis and limited therapeutic options that is often characterized by the expression of the tumor-associated antigen α-fetoprotein (AFP). CD4+ helper T cells are important in generating potent anticancer immunity as they prime and expand CD8+ T-cell memory and may also have(More)
Fine mapping of human cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses against hepatitis C virus (HCV) is based on external loading of target cells with synthetic peptides which are either derived from prediction algorithms or from overlapping peptide libraries. These strategies do not address putative host and viral mechanisms which may alter processing as well as(More)