Nadine Jonkers

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We investigated the effect of an injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) into the rat medial forebrain bundle (MFB) on the degeneration and the function of the dopaminergic cell bodies in the substantia nigra (SN) 3 and 5 weeks after lesioning. After injection of 6-OHDA into the MFB a complete loss of dopamine content was apparent in the striatum 3 weeks(More)
In vivo microdialysis in freely moving rats was used to investigate the influence of the indirect dopamine receptor agonist levodopa (L-DOPA), alone and combined with the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist dizocilpine (MK801), on extracellular glutamate levels in the striatum of intact and 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rats. L-DOPA (25 mg/kg i.p.(More)
In Parkinsonian patients treated with levodopa, peripheral decarboxylase inhibitors like carbidopa and benserazide are used to increase the central availability of levodopa. In experimental animal studies, this clinical situation is mimicked. However, at the dose used in many animal studies, both benserazide and carbidopa pass the blood brain barrier. In(More)
In vivo microdialysis was used to investigate the influence of dizocilpine (MK801) on basal and levodopa (L-DOPA)-induced extracellular dopamine levels in striatum and substantia nigra of intact and 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rats. In lesioned rats, extracellular dopamine was decreased in striatum but not in substantia nigra. L-DOPA (25 mg/kg i.p. after(More)
Using in vivo microdialysis in freely moving rats, we show that the addition to the dialysis perfusion fluid of the acetylcholinesterase inhibitor neostigmine influences the decarboxylation of levodopa (L-dopa). Continuous perfusion of neostigmine (10, 50 and 100 nM) in striatum attenuated the L-dopa-induced dopamine release in a dose-dependent manner. This(More)
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