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The multiangle imaging spectroradiometer (MISR) instrument is designed to provide global imagery at nine discrete viewing angles and four visible/near-infrared spectral bands. This paper describes an algorithm for the retrieval of leaf area index (LAI) and fraction of photosynthetically active radiation absorbed by vegetation (FPAR) from atmospherically(More)
[1] We upscaled FLUXNET observations of carbon dioxide, water, and energy fluxes to the global scale using the machine learning technique, model tree ensembles (MTE). We trained MTE to predict site‐level gross primary productivity (GPP), terrestrial ecosystem respiration (TER), net ecosystem exchange (NEE), latent energy (LE), and sensible heat (H) based on(More)
The state-of-the-art on radiative transfer modeling in vegetation canopies and the application of such models to the interpretation and analysis of remotely sensed optical data is summarized. Modeling of top-of-the-atmosphere and top-of-the-canopy radiance field is developed as boundary value problems in radiative transfer. The parameterization of the(More)
Passive optical multiangle observations make possible the retrieval of scene structural characteristics that cannot be obtained with, or require fewer underlying assumptions than, single-angle sensors. Retrievable quantities include aerosol amount over a wide variety of surfaces (including bright targets); aerosol microphysical properties such as particle(More)
[1] In the tropics and subtropics, most fires are set by humans for a wide range of purposes. The total amount of burned area and fire emissions reflects a complex interaction between climate, human activities, and ecosystem processes. Here we used satellite-derived data sets of active fire detections, burned area, precipitation, and the fraction of(More)
[1] The Radiation Transfer Model Intercomparison (RAMI) initiative is a community-driven exercise to benchmark the models of radiation transfer (RT) used to represent the reflectance of terrestrial surfaces. Systematic model intercomparisons started in 1999 as a self-organized, open-access, voluntary activity of the RT modeling community. The results of the(More)
3 The RAdiation transfer Model Intercomparison (RAMI) initiative benchmarks canopy 4 reflectance models under well-controlled experimental conditions. Launched for the first 5 time in 1999 this triennial community exercise encourages the systematic evaluation of 6 canopy reflectance models on a voluntary basis. The first phase of RAMI focused on doc-7(More)
[1] We present a computer-efficient software package enabling us to assimilate operational remote-sensing flux products into a state-of-the-art two-stream radiation transfer scheme suitable for climate models. This package implements the adjoint and Hessian codes, generated using automatic differentiation techniques, of a cost function balancing (1) the(More)