Nadine Gobron

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The multiangle imaging spectroradiometer (MISR) instrument is designed to provide global imagery at nine discrete viewing angles and four visible/near-infrared spectral bands. This paper describes an algorithm for the retrieval of leaf area index (LAI) and fraction of photosynthetically active radiation absorbed by vegetation (FPAR) from atmospherically(More)
More than half of the solar energy absorbed by land surfaces is currently used to evaporate water. Climate change is expected to intensify the hydrological cycle and to alter evapotranspiration, with implications for ecosystem services and feedback to regional and global climate. Evapotranspiration changes may already be under way, but direct observational(More)
Martin Jung, Markus Reichstein, Hank A. Margolis, Alessandro Cescatti, Andrew D. Richardson, M. Altaf Arain, Almut Arneth, Christian Bernhofer, Damien Bonal, Jiquan Chen, Damiano Gianelle, Nadine Gobron, Gerald Kiely, Werner Kutsch, Gitta Lasslop, Beverly E. Law, Anders Lindroth, Lutz Merbold, Leonardo Montagnani, Eddy J. Moors, Dario Papale, Matteo(More)
We use eddy covariance measurements of net ecosystem productivity (NEP) from 21 FLUXNET sites (153 site-years of data) to investigate relationships between phenology and productivity (in terms of both NEP and gross ecosystem photosynthesis, GEP) in temperate and boreal forests. Results are used to evaluate the plausibility of four different conceptual(More)
[1] In the tropics and subtropics, most fires are set by humans for a wide range of purposes. The total amount of burned area and fire emissions reflects a complex interaction between climate, human activities, and ecosystem processes. Here we used satellite-derived data sets of active fire detections, burned area, precipitation, and the fraction of(More)
The recent availability of quasi-simultaneous multispectral and multidirectional measurements from space, as provided by the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) on board the Terra platform, offers new and unique opportunities to document the anisotropy of land surfaces at critical solar wavelengths. This paper presents simple physical principles(More)
The state-of-the-art on radiative transfer modeling in vegetation canopies and the application of such models to the interpretation and analysis of remotely sensed optical data is summarized. Modeling of top-of-the-atmosphere and top-of-the-canopy radiance field is developed as boundary value problems in radiative transfer. The parameterization of the(More)
[1] The Radiation Transfer Model Intercomparison (RAMI) initiative is a communitydriven exercise to benchmark the models of radiation transfer (RT) used to represent the reflectance of terrestrial surfaces. Systematic model intercomparisons started in 1999 as a self-organized, open-access, voluntary activity of the RT modeling community. The results of the(More)
The Leaf Area Index (LAI) of a plant canopy is an important environmental parameter required by various applications. It would be highly desirable to be able to estimate this parameter on the basis of satellite remote sensing data in the optical spectral range. However, LAI affects the propagation of light in a plant canopy (and therefore its measurable(More)
This paper describes the implementation of a physical and mathematical approach to designing advanced vegetation indices optimized for future sensors operating in the solar domain such as the medium resolution imaging spectrometer (MERIS), the global imager (GLI), and the VEGETATION instrument, and proposes an initial evaluation of such indices. These(More)