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Dopamine is the predominant catecholamine in the brain and functions as a neurotransmitter. Dopamine is also a potent immune modulator. In this study, we have characterized the expression of dopamine receptors on murine microglia. We found that cultured primary microglia express dopamine D1, D2, D3, D4, and D5 receptors. We specifically focused on the D2(More)
Bone marrow-derived cells (BMDCs) are able to colonize the central nervous system (CNS) at sites of damage. This ability makes BMDCs an ideal cellular vehicle for transferring therapeutic genes/molecules to the CNS. However, conditioning is required for bone marrow-derived myeloid cells to engraft in the brain, which so far has been achieved by total body(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO) acts on erythroblasts in the bone marrow (BM) to stimulate the formation of red blood cells. In this study, we wanted to determine whether BM-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) can be used as cellular vehicles to deliver EPO in mice without the use of viral vectors. After isolation and characterization of murine MSCs (mMSCs),(More)
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