Nadine Gérard

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To elucidate the endocrine and paracrine regulation of testicular inhibin production, the effects of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), (Bu)2cAMP, germ cells (either crude or enriched preparations) and germ cell-conditioned media on inhibin production (immuno- and bio-activities) and the levels of alpha- and beta B-subunit mRNAs were assessed in cultured(More)
To elucidate the cellular origin of interleukin-1 (IL-1) in the mammalian testis, we assayed IL-1 activity in culture media of Sertoli cells collected from rats at 20, 35 and 45 days of age as well as in culture media of interstitial, peritubular and germ cells from adult rats. IL-1 was detected in Sertoli cell culture media isolated from 35- and 45-day-old(More)
The biosynthesis, intracellular transport, and surface expression of the beta cell glucose transporter GLUT2 was investigated in isolated islets and insulinoma cells. Using a trypsin sensitivity assay to measure cell surface expression, we determined that: (a) greater than 95% of GLUT2 was expressed on the plasma membrane; (b) GLUT2 did not recycle in(More)
A growing body of evidence suggests that the interleukin-1 system is involved in periovulatory events. Previous work from our lab demonstrated that in the mare, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) increases the ovulatory rate of metaphase II oocytes. The present study was conducted to analyze in vivo the effect of IL-1 on oocyte cytoplasmic maturation, ovulation(More)
BACKGROUND Follicular fluid contains substances involved in follicle activity, cell differentiation and oocyte maturation. Studies of its components may contribute to better understanding of the mechanisms underlying follicular development and oocyte quality. The canine species is characterized by several ovarian activity features that are not extensively(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate cumulus expansion, nuclear maturation and expression of connexin 43, cyclooxygenase-2 and FSH receptor transcripts in equine cumuli oophori during in vivo and in vitro maturation in the presence of equine FSH (eFSH) and precursors for hyaluronic acid synthesis. Equine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) were cultured in a(More)
BACKGROUND Follicular fluid accumulates into the antrum of follicle from the early stage of follicle development. Studies on its components may contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying follicular development and oocyte quality. With this objective, we performed a proteomic analysis of mare follicular fluid. First, we hypothesized(More)
BACKGROUND A growing body of evidences suggests that the ovary is a site of inflammatory reactions, and thus, ovarian cells could represent sources and targets of the interleukin-1 (IL-1) system. The purpose of this study was to examine the IL-1 system gene expressions in equine granulosa cells, and to study the IL-1beta content in follicular fluid during(More)
We have identified a liver-regulating protein involved in cell contact-mediated regulation of Sertoli cell function by primary spermatocytes in rat testis. Liver-regulating protein was studied using monoclonal antibody L8 prepared from rat primitive biliary epithelial cells. This molecule was located in vivo at the interface of Sertoli cells and(More)
Understanding of biology of the avian male gamete is essential to improve the conservation of genetic resources and performances in farming. In this study, the semen proteome of the main domestic avian species (Gallus gallus) and evaluation of the molecular phenotype related to sperm quality were investigated using GeLC-MS/MS approach and label-free(More)