Nadine Fraudeau

Learn More
Hox genes, located at one end of the HoxD cluster, are essential for the development of the extremities of our limbs; that is, the digits. This 'collinear' correspondence is accompanied by a gradual decrease in the transcriptional efficiency of the genes. To decipher the underlying regulatory mechanisms, and thus to understand better how digits develop, we(More)
In tetrapods, Hox genes are essential for the proper organization and development of axial structures. Experiments involving Hox gene inactivations have revealed their particularly important functions in the establishment of morphological transitions within metameric series such as the vertebral column. Teleost fish show a much simpler range of axial (trunk(More)
Ulnaless (Ul), an X-ray-induced dominant mutation in mice, severely disrupts development of forearms and forelegs. The mutation maps on chromosome 2, tightly linked to the HoxD complex, a cluster of regulatory genes required for proper morphogenesis. In particular, 5'-located (posterior) Hoxd genes are involved in limb development and combined mutations(More)
Vertebrate Hoxd genes are essential determinants of limb morphogenesis. In order to understand the genetic control of their complex expression patterns, we have used a combined approach involving interspecies sequence alignments in parallel with transgenic analyses, followed by in vivo mutagenesis. Here, we report on the identification of a regulatory(More)
The emergence of Vertebrata was accompanied by two rounds of whole-genome duplications. This enabled paralogous genes to acquire novel functions with high evolutionary potential, a process suggested to occur mostly by changes in gene regulation, rather than in protein sequences. In the case of Hox gene clusters, such duplications favored the appearance of(More)
  • 1