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BACKGROUND Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a severe complication of liver cirrhosis. Recently, ornipressin, a potent splanchnic vasoconstrictor, was reported to improve renal function in patients with HRS. However, this treatment is associated with a high incidence of vascular complications. Terlipressin is thought to be as effective as ornipressin with less(More)
One hundred forty-four patients with unresectable malignant strictures of the upper digestive tract were managed by palliative endoscopic methods: 116 by intubation and 28 by YAG laser phototherapy. The success rate was 95% for intubation and 100% for laser. The morbidity rate was 13.8% for intubation (perforation 7.8%, bleeding 3.4%, and aspiration(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to assess the usefulness of manganese dipyridoxyl diphosphate (Mn-DPDP)-enhanced T1-weighted MR cholangiography for evaluating patients with biliary-enteric anastomoses. CONCLUSION Mn-DPDP-enhanced T1-weighted MR cholangiography may provide useful functional information and may aid in the assessment of the patency of(More)
Better tools for predicting the risk of death while awaiting transplantation are urgently needed because organ shortage is increasing the numbers on transplantation waiting lists. The aminopyrine breath test (ABT), model for end-stage liver disease (MELD), and Child-Pugh (C-P) score were compared as predictors of this risk in 137 cirrhotic candidates for(More)
Hepatic myelopathy is a rare complication of cirrhosis, usually associated with surgical or spontaneous porto-systemic shunts. Its pathophysiology is unknown. It is characterized by a motor involvement of the lower limbs without clinical sensory abnormality, leading to spastic paraparesis. These neurological features are related to a symmetric loss of(More)
This study was performed to answer the question: which parts of breast cancers are active in terms of proliferation as measured by the Ki-67 antibody and in terms of cell division as measured by the mitotic index. Forty-six breast samples were studied, including 34 breast cancers and 12 benign conditions. The intraductal component of infiltrating breast(More)
Hepatorenal syndrome is a rapidly lethal complication of cirrhosis. The present case provides further evidence of the efficacy of terlipressin in this context even with concomitant treatment with propranolol. A 56 year old male with HBV related cirrhosis developed renal failure characteristic of hepatorenal syndrome. He was also taking propranolol for(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a severe complication of cirrhosis but its exact pathogenesis has not yet been elucidated and the role of portal hypertension in the development of SBP has been suggested. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that an association exists between the degree of portal hypertension and the(More)
The standard treatment for patients with chronic hepatitis C is a 6-12-month combination therapy with interferon alpha and ribavirin. Induction treatment could result in a faster early decline of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) load and a better response rate. Naive chronically infected HCV patients (n = 454) were randomized into two arms to receive either(More)