Nadine Bourgeois

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BACKGROUND Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a severe complication of liver cirrhosis. Recently, ornipressin, a potent splanchnic vasoconstrictor, was reported to improve renal function in patients with HRS. However, this treatment is associated with a high incidence of vascular complications. Terlipressin is thought to be as effective as ornipressin with less(More)
HCV core antigen (Ag) and HCV RNA levels were evaluated in matched liver biopsy samples and sera from 22 patients with hepatitis C infection by using the quantitative Architect HCV Ag immunoassay and a real-time RT-qPCR assay, respectively. The data showed a strong correlation between liver and serum compartments of HCV Ag levels (r = 0.80) and HCV RNA(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to assess the usefulness of manganese dipyridoxyl diphosphate (Mn-DPDP)-enhanced T1-weighted MR cholangiography for evaluating patients with biliary-enteric anastomoses. CONCLUSION Mn-DPDP-enhanced T1-weighted MR cholangiography may provide useful functional information and may aid in the assessment of the patency of(More)
One hundred forty-four patients with unresectable malignant strictures of the upper digestive tract were managed by palliative endoscopic methods: 116 by intubation and 28 by YAG laser phototherapy. The success rate was 95% for intubation and 100% for laser. The morbidity rate was 13.8% for intubation (perforation 7.8%, bleeding 3.4%, and aspiration(More)
Hepatic myelopathy is a rare complication of cirrhosis, usually associated with surgical or spontaneous porto-systemic shunts. Its pathophysiology is unknown. It is characterized by a motor involvement of the lower limbs without clinical sensory abnormality, leading to spastic paraparesis. These neurological features are related to a symmetric loss of(More)
Better tools for predicting the risk of death while awaiting transplantation are urgently needed because organ shortage is increasing the numbers on transplantation waiting lists. The aminopyrine breath test (ABT), model for end-stage liver disease (MELD), and Child-Pugh (C-P) score were compared as predictors of this risk in 137 cirrhotic candidates for(More)
Age does not spare the liver. We reviewed here the essential actual knowledge about age related modifications of this organ. Liver volume and blood flow decrease with age. Aging is also associated with a decline in the intrinsic metabolic activity of the hepatic parenchyma, and in the gene expression of proteins involved in intermediary metabolism,(More)
Long-term results of organ transplantation are still limited by serious side effects of immunosuppressive drugs. A major issue, therefore, is to elaborate novel therapeutic protocols allowing withdrawal or minimization of immunosuppressive therapy after transplantation. We report on 3 patients prospectively enrolled in an original protocol designed to(More)