Nadine Bollig

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Follicular T-helper (T(FH)) cells cooperate with GL7(+)CD95(+) germinal center (GC) B cells to induce antibody maturation. Herein, we identify the transcription factor IRF4 as a T-cell intrinsic precondition for T(FH) cell differentiation and GC formation. After immunization with protein or infection with the protozoon Leishmania major, draining lymph nodes(More)
IL-17-producing CD8+ T (Tc17) cells are detectible in multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions; however, their contribution to the disease is unknown. To identify functions of Tc17 cells, we induced EAE, a murine model of MS, in mice lacking IFN regulatory factor 4 (IRF4). IRF4-deficient mice failed to generate Tc17 and Th17 cells and were resistant to EAE. After(More)
The NF-kappaB/Rel family member c-Rel was described to be required for the development of T(H)1 responses. However, the role of c-Rel in the differentiation of T(H)17 and regulatory CD4(+)Foxp3(+) T cells (Treg) remains obscure. Here, we show that in the absence of c-Rel, in vitro differentiation of pro-inflammatory T(H)17 cells is normal. In contrast,(More)
Apart from conventional CD4(+) Th17 cells, the cytokines IL-17A and IL-22 can also be produced by γδ T cells, NK cells and lymphoid tissue inducer (LTi) cells. Th17 cells develop from precursor cells after T-cell receptor stimulation in the presence of TGF-β, IL-6 and IL-23. In contrast, a subset of γδ T cells ("γδT17") is committed for fast IL-17(More)
BACKGROUND For effective control of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in East Africa, new rapid diagnostic tests are required to replace current tests with low sensitivity. The aim of this study is to improve diagnosis of VL in East Africa by testing a new antigen from an autochthonous L. donovani strain in Sudan. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPLE FINDINGS We cloned,(More)
The genus leishmania comprises different protozoan parasites which are causative agents of muco-cutaneous and systemic, potentially lethal diseases. After infection with the species Leishmania major, resistant mice expand Th1 cells which stimulate macrophages for Leishmania destruction. In contrast, susceptible mice generate Th2 cells which deactivate(More)
Regulatory T-cells induced via IL-2 and TGFβ in vitro (iTreg) suppress immune cells and are potential therapeutics during autoimmunity. However, several reports described their re-differentiation into pathogenic cells in vivo and loss of their key functional transcription factor (TF) FOXP3 after T-cell antigen receptor (TCR)-signalling in vitro. Here, we(More)
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