Nadiem Mohammed

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Seven types (A-G) of botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) target peripheral cholinergic neurons where they selectively proteolyze SNAP-25 (BoNT/A, BoNT/C1, and BoNT/E), syntaxin1 (BoNT/C1), and synaptobrevin (BoNT/B, BoNT/D, BoNT/F, and BoNT/G), SNARE proteins responsible for transmitter release, to cause neuromuscular paralysis but of different durations. BoNT/A(More)
An interaction of SNAP-23 and syntaxin 4 on the plasma membrane with vesicle-associated synaptobrevin-2 and/or cellubrevin, known as SNAP (soluble N-ethyl-maleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein) receptors or SNAREs, has been proposed to provide the targeting and/or fusion apparatus for insulin-stimulated translocation of the GLUT4 isoform of glucose(More)
Tetanus toxin is a fascinating, multifunctional protein that binds to peripheral neurons, undergoes retrograde transport and trans-synaptic transfer to central inhibitory neurons where it blocks transmitter release, thereby, causing spastic paralysis. As a pre-requisite for exploiting its unique trafficking properties, a novel recombinant single chain was(More)
Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) types A and B selectively block exocytosis by cleavage of SNAP-25 and synaptobrevin, respectively; in humans, many months are required for full recovery from the resultant neuromuscular paralysis. To decipher the molecular basis for such prolonged poisoning, intoxication in adreno-chromaffin cells was monitored over 2 months.(More)
Types A and E botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) are Zn2+-requiring endoproteases which cleave nine and twenty-six residues, respectively, from the C-terminus of synaptosomal-associated protein of Mr = 25 kDa (SNAP-25). Involvement of SNAP-25 in the exocytosis of large dense-core vesicles in bovine adrenochromaffin cells was examined by measuring cleavage of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Postoperative intraspinal subdural collections in children after posterior fossa tumor resection may temporarily hinder metastasis detection by MR imaging or CSF analysis, potentially impacting therapy. We investigated the incidence, imaging and clinical features, predisposing factors, and time course of these collections after(More)
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