Nadia Urbain

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High frequency stimulation (130 Hz) of the subthalamic nucleus has dramatic beneficial motor effects in severe parkinsonian patients. However, the mechanisms underlying these clinical results remain obscure. The objective of the present work was to study the neurochemical changes induced in rats by high frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus by(More)
Sensory stimuli evoke strong responses in thalamic relay cells, which ensure a faithful relay of information to the neocortex. However, relay cells of the posterior thalamic nuclear group in rodents, despite receiving significant trigeminal input, respond poorly to vibrissa deflection. Here we show that sensory transmission in this nucleus is impeded by(More)
Dopamine is involved in motivation, memory, and reward processing. However, it is not clear whether the activity of dopamine neurons is related or not to vigilance states. Using unit recordings in unanesthetized head restrained rats we measured the firing pattern of dopamine neurons of the ventral tegmental area across the sleep-wake cycle. We found these(More)
Extracellular electrophysiological recordings in freely moving cats have shown that serotonergic neurons from the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) fire tonically during wakefulness, decrease their activity during slow wave sleep (SWS), and are nearly quiescent during paradoxical sleep (PS). The mechanisms at the origin of the modulation of activity of these(More)
The pallido-subthalamic pathway powerfully controls the output of the basal ganglia circuitry and has been implicated in movement disorders observed in Parkinson's disease (PD). To investigate the normal functioning of this pathway across the sleep-wake cycle, single-unit activities of subthalamic nucleus (STN) and globus pallidus (GP) neurons were(More)
Higher-order thalamic nuclei receive input from both the cerebral cortex and prethalamic sensory pathways. However, at rest these nuclei appear silent due to inhibitory input from extrathalamic regions, and it has therefore remained unclear how sensory gating of these nuclei takes place. In the rodent, the ventral division of the zona incerta (ZIv) serves(More)
Through their widespread projections to the entire brain, dorsal raphe cells participate in many physiological functions and are associated with neuropsychiatric disorders. In previous studies, the width of action potentials was used as a criterion to identify putative serotonergic neurons, and to demonstrate that cells with broad spikes were more active in(More)
Trigeminal sensory nuclei that give rise to ascending pathways of vibrissal information are heavily linked by intersubnuclear connections. This is the case, for instance, of the principal trigeminal nucleus, which receives strong inhibitory input from the caudal sector of the interpolaris subnucleus. Because this inhibitory input can gate the relay of(More)
Three ascending pathways of information processing have been identified so far in the vibrissal system of rodents. In the ventral posterior medial nucleus of the thalamus, two of these pathways convey information through the core and tail of barrel-associated structures, called barreloids. The other pathway transits through the posterior group nucleus. The(More)
The thalamus transmits sensory information to the neocortex and receives neocortical, subcortical, and neuromodulatory inputs. Despite its obvious importance, surprisingly little is known about thalamic function in awake animals. Here, using intracellular and extracellular recordings in awake head-restrained mice, we investigate membrane potential dynamics(More)